International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology https://www.ijrasb.com/ojs/index.php/ojs-ijrasb <p align="justify"><strong>IJRASB</strong> is a double blind, peer-reviewed <strong>"Bi-monthly"</strong> refereed journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in all the fields of Applied Sciences &amp; Biotechnology.</p> <p align="justify">IJRASB is an international academic journal which gains a foothold in INDIA, Srilanka, Bangladesh, Singapore and opens to the world. We focused to publish papers/articles on Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Health Sciences, Physical Education and all other topics of the Applied Sciences and Biotechnology stream.</p> <p align="justify">We welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. All submitted papers/articles should report original, previously unpublished research results, experimental or theoretical, and will be peer-reviewed. Papers/Articles submitted to the journal should meet these criteria and must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts should follow the style of the journal and are subject to both review and editing. We hope you find this journal informative and useful. Your comments will help us to improve the quality and content of the journal.</p> Vandana Publications en-US International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology 2349-8889 Finite Integral Involving the Modified Generalized I-Function of Two Variables, Generalized Extented Hurwitz’s Zeta Function of Two Variables and Exponential Function https://www.ijrasb.com/ojs/index.php/ojs-ijrasb/article/view/497 <p>In the present paper, we evaluate the general finite integral involving the exponential function, generalized Hurwitz’s-Lerch zeta function of two variables and the modified of generalized I-function of two variables. At the end, we shall see several corollaries and remarks.</p> Frédéric Ayant Prvindra Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-01-16 2022-01-16 9 1 1 14 10.31033/ijrasb.9.1.1 Assessment of Cholesteryl Ester Transfer Protein Gene Taq1B Polymorphism and Its Relationship with Lipid Levels of Hypertensive Iraqi Patients https://www.ijrasb.com/ojs/index.php/ojs-ijrasb/article/view/498 <p>Lipid disorder is one of the main causes of essential hypertension. Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene polymorphism is known to be associated with changes in lipid profile. Therefore, this study designed to detect the CETP Taq1 B polymorphism (rs708272) and evaluate its relationship with lipid profile levels among some hypertensive Iraqi patients. One hundred and seventy blood samples were collected from two groups, the first group included a hundred hypertensive patients and the second group included seventy healthy individuals as control group. For both groups, lipid profile was estimated, genomic DNA was extracted from all samples and Polymerase Chain Reaction - Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique was used to detect CETP gene Taq1 B polymorphism. Results indicated that levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), and very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL-C) had increased, while the level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) was decreased in hypertensive patients in comparison to control group. The study also showed that the frequency of B1B1 genotype and (B1) allele was higher in hypertensive patients in compare with control group (p ≤ 0.01). Lipid profile concentrations according to CETP gene Taq1 B genotypes showed non-significant differences. This study concluded that the CETP gene Taq1B polymorphism may associated with associated with lipid disorder and CETP (B1) allele which could be used as a genetic marker for increasing hypertensive susceptibility in Iraqi population.</p> Ashwak I. AL-Obaedi Adnan F. AL- Azzawie Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-01-16 2022-01-16 9 1 15 20 10.31033/ijrasb.9.1.2 Unified Finite Integral and Modified of Generalized Aleph-Function of Two Variables https://www.ijrasb.com/ojs/index.php/ojs-ijrasb/article/view/499 <p>In the present paper, we evaluate the general finite integral invoving the generalized modified Aleph-function of two variables. At the end, we shall see several corollaries and remarks.</p> Frédéric Ayant Prvindra Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-01-16 2022-01-16 9 1 21 33 10.31033/ijrasb.9.1.3 Molecular Study for Mutation of N-gene and S-gene COVID-19 Virus https://www.ijrasb.com/ojs/index.php/ojs-ijrasb/article/view/503 <p>Thousands of individuals are affected every day by the current covid-19 pandemic, which is caused by a novel coronavirus called SARSCoV2. As a result, medicines and vaccines that are effective against all SARSCoV2 subtypes are critical today. Viral genome mutations are prevalent, and they can affect the encoded proteins, resulting in varying levels of detection and illness treatment effectiveness. Despite its clinical relevance, the SARS-CoV-2 gene set remains uncertain, making COVID-19 biology difficult to understand. A single type of mutation in the S gene that was changed the anticodon 614 from aspartic acid to glycine (D614G) consequence in increased virus infection. Herein, we report the gene mutation of structural proteins particularly spike and nucleocapsid proteins in viral genome. The overall prevalence of S and N gene mutations in SARS-CoV-2 were investigated. Among the structural proteins, our findings suggest that nucleocapsid had the highest mutation density, whereas Spike D614G was the most prevalent 93.9 %, found largely in genomes worldwide. These findings indicate that while designing diagnostics tools and therapeutic alternatives, the virus genotype in a certain community should be taken into account.</p> Zina F. H. AL-Obaidi Abeer Ali Marhoon Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-01-21 2022-01-21 9 1 34 44 10.31033/ijrasb.9.1.4 A Review Article : Effect of Radiation on Infertility https://www.ijrasb.com/ojs/index.php/ojs-ijrasb/article/view/504 <p>Radiation exposure has the potential to have a significant impact on biological performance. An illumination regimen (overall dosage, portions, or timeframe) is a significant predictor of the physical and chemical because biological impact on the cells concerned, so it differs across functions as well as tissues. Unless the hypothalamic-pituitary pathway has been engaged mostly with scattered electromagnetic, radiotherapy to a central and peripheral nervous system can change the duration if adolescence, create hyperprolactinemia, and produce testosterone insufficiency. Smaller concentrations from external radiation to the testicle impact its embryological epithelium; dosages more than 0.35 Gy produce aspermia, that may be recoverable. To high dosage, healing time tends to increase; regrettably, aspermia could be irreversible at dose levels greater than 2 Gy. Secreted related to the power would being harmed with extreme radiation exposures (&gt; 15 Gy). With contrast to the radiological dosage, the testis' sensitivity is determined either by man's sexual actual age of exposure or his pubescent condition. This same ovary's reaction to the impacts of radiation varies according to age or dosage in females, although it's difficult to separate menstrual malfunctioning into endocrine or reproductive consequences. Girls and females can experience 30% infertility from such with 4 Gy ovary dosage, although females beyond 40 years or age might experience 100% infertility. Pelvic irradiation can also affect the uterus, causing stunted development in prepubescent girls or lack of endometrial contraction throughout pregnancies, leading to miscarriages or early childbirth. Despite the modest handful of examples examined, certain basic themes emerged. Among men, fractional radiotherapy of the testicles, equivalent to ultimate outcome from&nbsp;roughly 600 cGy, can be as damaging than abrupt radiotherapy (rad). Aspermia is caused by dispersed dosages more than 35 cGy, having recuperation times expanding with dosage, but aspermia becoming irreversible around 200 cGy. Feminine reaction differs on age or dosage for women. As instance, 400 cGy can produce 30% infertility in teenage girls, and 100% infertility for women ages of 40. People of both sexes, on the other hand, respond to radiation is different ways.</p> Rasha Saad Mahmood Aldoury Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-01-21 2022-01-21 9 1 45 65 10.31033/ijrasb.9.1.5 Lexical Variants in Pashto: A Comparative Study Accompanied in Paktia and Nangrahar https://www.ijrasb.com/ojs/index.php/ojs-ijrasb/article/view/505 <p>The aim this study is to investigate the lexical variations in Pashto spoken in Paktia and Nangrahar. The linguistic variations of age and region were considered to find out the lexical differences in Spoken Pashto both targeted provinces. However, to accomplish the aims of the investigation, two data sets were center of the information for this comparative study of the lexical variations. The main data were collected by open-ended questionnaire to get the secondary data. For getting the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was spread out among the randomly selected participants, the 50 participants were selected from both targeted places. Vocally managed questionnaire was also led in order to get the purpose of the study. Although, the observation of the speakers was another research tool. The examination of the collected data from both study tools showed that there are prominent differences in spoken Pashto in Paktia and Nangrahar from the view point of lexical variation. However, from the observation it was decided that there are certain expletives associated in both targeted places.</p> Kamal Din Kamal Sultan Mohammad Hanafi Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-01-22 2022-01-22 9 1 66 73 10.31033/ijrasb.9.1.6 PVP-Oxime-SiO2- Adenine, Antibacterial and Anticorrosive Behavior https://www.ijrasb.com/ojs/index.php/ojs-ijrasb/article/view/506 <p>As nanotechnology developed, the chemical architecture of materials was modified. Our study aims to develop nanohybrid sol-gel processes comprising silica particles and a polymer resin, including functionalized carboxylic groups (typically epoxy or phenolic resins). A film of ceramic glass is formed when the metallic plate is coated. It is possible to obtain corrosion-resistant properties by incorporating these particles into polymeric matrixes. Researchers studied infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy to determine the structure of RF refers to phenolic resin, RFF refers to resin functionalized, and RF-SIO<sub>2</sub> and RFF-SIO<sub>2</sub> refers to their respective hybrids.</p> <p>As a result of polarization, Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) appears to act like a mixed-type inhibitor. The charge transfer process is largely responsible for preventing corrosion of the C-steel. Using weight loss as a measure of inhibitory efficacy ranged from 56 to 83% while using electrochemical methods, it was 60 to 90%. PVP adheres to steel and prevents corrosion, according to different tests. The Langmuir adsorption isotherm is found to govern PVP adsorption on the C-steel surface. An explanation for PVP's inhibitory action is suggested. A thermodynamic parameter Eapp is determined by the adsorbed PVP on the C-steel surface, *H, and *S decrease. As inhibitor concentration and temperature increase, so does PVP's inhibition efficiency.</p> Azra Begam Afridi Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-01-22 2022-01-22 9 1 74 78 10.31033/ijrasb.9.1.7