Selection of Superior Genotypes at Early Stage of the Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) Breeding Cycle

  • K. L. M. Kalpani
  • S. P. Withange
  • I. R. Palihakkara
Keywords: Hevea brasiliensis, Hevea breeding, Early selection, Bark anatomy

Abstract

Hybridization and selection procedure of Hevea brasiliensis plays an important role in genetic improvement of planting material with a wide range of genetic diversity aim to develop superior Hevea clones. Time is the critical factor of the conventional breeding program, as it needs around 20-25 years to complete a one cycle. Early selection is very important to shorten the Hevea breeding program. However the selections are needed to be strengthen through thorough analysis of all possible yield parameters. This study mainly aimed to precise selection of genetically superior genotype(s) at early stage of the Hevea breeding cycle (first evaluation stage) to reduce the evaluation period of breeding cycle.  Preliminary four outstanding genotypes which were already selected from 2011 hand pollination progeny were taken to the study. Performances were monitored using more yield parameters as girth, bark thickness and bark anatomical parameters such as number of latex vessels per unit area (density), number of latex vessel rows and diameter of latex vessels. Each parameter was analyzed with their yield performance. These parameters analyzed to verify the previous preliminary selections as well to develop the correlation of these parameters with high yield. Regression analysis, cluster analysis and two sample t-test in Minitab 17 version were used to analysis of data. It has observed around 39.3% positive correlation between yield and girth and around 4.6% negative correlation between yield and bark thickness. Strong positive correlations between yield and latex vessels’ density and between yield and number of latex vessel rows were observed with 81.9% and 91.7% respectively. In addition to 57.4% negative correlation was observed between yield and diameter of latex vessels. In the cluster analysis with yield, girth and all the bark anatomical parameters, three clusters showed significant difference. Out of four preliminary selected outstanding genotypes only the 2011HP42 clearly separated from other three genotypes showing higher performances than other three genotypes. All four low yielding genotypes separated in to cluster three showed the poor performances. Results clearly showed that the precise early selections can be done by taking more yield parameters and their correlations will be helpful to develop a yield indexes in future. However, further studies need to be carried out with more number of genotypes to strengthen the precise early selection procedure.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Baddewithana, B. W. A. ., Withanage, S. ., Subasinghe, S., & Anushka, P. V. (2017). Characterization of selected accessions of 1981 germplasm of Hevea for early growth performance using morphological and physiological parameters. 10(12), 62–75.

Central Bank of Sri Lanka. (2018). National Output, Expenditure and Income. Annual Report 2015, 39–76.

Rodrigo, V. H. L., Iqbal, S. M. M., & Dharmakeerthi, R. S. (2011). Potential for rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) cultivation in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 39(4), 403. https://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v39i4.3888

Gomez, J. B., Narayanan, R., & Chen, K. T. (1972). Some Structural Factors Affecting the Productivity of the Laticiferous Tissue J. Rabb, Res. last. Malaya, 23(3), 193-203.

Goncalves, P. S., Beleti Cardinal, Á. B., da Costa, R. B., Bortoletto, N., & Lima Gouvêa, L. R. (2005). Genetic variability and selection for laticiferous system characters in Hevea brasiliensis. Genetics and Molecular Biology, 28(3), 414–422.

Gonçalves, P. de S., Bortoletto, N., Fonseca, F. da S., Bataglia, O. C., & Ortolani, A. A. (1998). Early selection for growth vigor in rubber tree genotypes in northwestern São Paulo State (Brazil). Genetics and Molecular Biology, 21(4), 515–521. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47571998000400018

Karki, D., & Lee, S. J. (2017). Early selection in tree breeding programme: A review. Banko Janakari, 8(1), 33–38. https://doi.org/10.3126/banko.v8i1.17794

Karunaratne, P. M. A. S., Wijeratne, A. W., & Kumara, J. B. D. A. P. (2006). Linear estimation of girth as a covariate on yield parameters of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Muell.Arg.): Correlation of girth with latex volume and weight. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 1(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.4038/jas.v1i1.8087

Kudaligama, K. V. V. S. K., Rodrigo, V. H. L., Fernando, K. M. E. P., & Yapa, P. A. J. (2012). RESPONSE OF LOW FREQUENCY HARVESTING SYSTEMS OF RUBBER UNDER DRIER CLIMATIC CONDITIONS IN SRI LANKA. Proceedings of International Forestry and Environment Symposium, 15(0). https://doi.org/10.31357/fesympo.v15i0.163

Liyanage, K. K. (2016). Journey of the clone RRISL 203 and its important properties. Bulletin of the Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 53(September), 8–20.

Liyanage, K. K., Sumanasinghe, V. A., Attanayake, D. P. S. T. G., & Baddewithana, B. W. A. N. (2015). Identification of recommended Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. Ex A. Juss.) Müll. Arg. Clones grown in Sri Lanka by RAPD analysis. Tropical Agricultural Research, 25(2), 188. https://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v25i2.8141

Liyanage, G. L. N. K. (2019). Early selection of rubber (hevea brasiliensis) based on bark anatomical characteristics of mother plant nursery. BSc Thesis, Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanak.

Mihiran, K. K. T. (2018). Detection of suitable yield parameters for early selection of high yielding hevea brasiliensis (rubber) clones. BSc Thesis, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanaka.

Munasinghe, E. S., Rodrigo, V. H. L., Gunawardena, U. A. D. P., & Karunatilake, P. K. W. (2008). Quantification of growth and economically important yield components of rubber plantations in wet and intermediate zones of Sri Lanka. In Proceedings of the Second Symposium on Plantation Crop Research, pp. 299-306.

Mydin, K. K., & Saraswathyamma, C. K. (2005). A Manual on Breeding of Hevea brasiliensis. Avilable at: https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20063069953

Narayanan, C., & Mydin, K. K. (2011). Heritability of Yield and Secondary Traits in two populations of Para Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis). Silvae Genetica, 60(1–6), 132–139. https://doi.org/10.1515/sg-2011-0018

Priyadarshan, P. M. (2017). Refinements to Hevea rubber breeding. Tree Genetics & Genomes, 13(1), 20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11295-017-1101-8

Priyadarshan, P. M., & Goncalves, P. de S. (2003). Hevea gene pool for breeding. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 50(1), 101–114. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022972320696

Priyadarshan, P. M., Gonçalves, P. S., & Omokhafe, K. O. (2009). Breeding Hevea Rubber. In S. M. Jain & P. M. Priyadarshan (Eds.), Breeding Plantation Tree Crops: Tropical Species (pp. 469–522). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-71201-7_13

Weerakoon, S., & Somaratne, S. (2011). Seasonal variation of growth and yield performance of mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss) genotypes in Sri Lanka. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.4038/jas.v6i1.3807

Ranasinghe, A., Palihakkara, I. R., & Nugawela, A. (2020). Yield Variation during the Period (April to July) 2017 in RRIC 121 and BPM 24 Rubber Clones (Hevea brasiliensis) Grown in WL3 Agro Ecological Zone of Sri Lanka. International Journal For Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 07(03), 27–34. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijrasb.7.3.5

Rodrigo, V. H. L. (2007). Ecophysiological factors underpinning productivity of Hevea brasiliensis. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology, 19(4), 245–255. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1677-04202007000400002

Sanche, R., & Lonergan, K. (2006). Variable Reduction for Predictive Modeling with Clustering. Casualty Actuarial Society Forum, Winter, Citeseerx, 89–100.

Sankariammal, L., Annamma Varghese, Y., Vinoth Thomas, and Mydin, K. (2009). Performance of certain hybrid clones oh hevea brasiliensis under small-scale evaluation. Natural Rubber Research, 22 (1 & 2), 17-26.

Sedgley, M., & Attanayake, D. P. S. T. G. (1988). The breeding system of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis): an evaluation of controlled hand pollination methods. Euphytica, 39(1), 83–91.

Seneviratne, P., Karunasekera, K. B. A., Liyanage, K. K., Rupatunge, K. W., Peiris, H. P., & Gamage, A. K. (2009). The success story down the ages:The role of rubber breeders in Sri Lanka. Bulletin of the Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 50(April), 1–5.

Verheye, W. (2010). Growth and production of rubber. In W. H. Verheye (Ed.), Land use, land cover and soil sciences. Oxford, UK: UNESCO-EOLSS Publishers. pp. 295–300.

Withanage, S. P., Attanayake, D. P. S. T. G., Jayasekara, N. E. M., Liyanage, K. K., Karunasekara, K. B., & Sarath Kumara, I. D. M. J. (2015). Evaluation and utilization of the Hevea germplasm collected from 1981 IRRDB expedition to the Amazon; a review. Journal of the Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 95(0), 24. https://doi.org/10.4038/jrrisl.v95i0.1834

Withanage, S. P., Peiris, H. P., Kariyawasam, L. S., Kumara, I. D. M. J. S., Gunasekara, T. M. S. K., & Baddewithana, B. W. A. N. (2017). Use of yield-yield correlation for early selection of newly developed Hevea genotypes. Journal of the Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 94(0), 54. https://doi.org/10.4038/jrrisl.v94i0.1825

Wu, H. X. (1999). Study of early selection in tree breeding. 2. Advantage of early selection through shortening the breeding cycle. Silvae Genetica, 48(2), 78–83.

Wycherley, P.R. (1969). Breeding of Hevea. Journal of Rubber Research Institute Of Malaya. 21(1), 38-35.

Published
2020-08-01
How to Cite
K. L. M. Kalpani, S. P. Withange, & I. R. Palihakkara. (2020). Selection of Superior Genotypes at Early Stage of the Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) Breeding Cycle. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 7(4), 146-155. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijrasb.7.4.17
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)