Synergistic Activity of Phenolic Compounds of Some Plants Against Bacteria

  • Roaa M. H. Shoker Department of Pharmacology, Collage of Medicine, Waist University, IRAQ
Keywords: Medicinal plants, Synergistic antibacterial effect, Phenolic extracts, HPLC analysis

Abstract

Medicinal plants produce great groups of secondary metabolites which are essential for medicine purpose, one of them phenolic compounds, antimicrobial activity of phenolic compounds which derivative from plants has been examined for several years. The phenolic extracts of Sesamum indicum and Pimpinella anisum seeds have antibacterial action against Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli), (Acinetobacter baumannii), and (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) (Proteus mirabilis). The current findings show that the synergistic impact of phenolic extracts from S. indicum and P. anisum is active against a variety of pathogenic bacteria, and that the synergistic effect for two plants is more antibacterial than phenolic extracts from one plant.  The results indicated Gram- negative (P. aeruginosa) more effected by plants, than Gram-negative (S. aureus) which have the lower effects. The results of HPLC indicated Sesame (S. indicum) have total concentration of phenolic compounds was (1313.7 µg/ml) higher than total concentration of phenolic compounds of Anise (P. anisum) (220.991 µg/ml), and have varied types of phenolic compounds were Pyrogallol, Gallic acid, Rutin, Kaempferol, Cinnamaldehyde, Qurctin, Eugenol, Lignan with different concentration. From this study may be conclusion Synergistic effect for two plants have more antibacterial than phenolic extracts of one plant, and Sesame (S. indicum) have higher antimicrobial activity than Anise (P. anisum).

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Published
2021-12-21
How to Cite
Shoker, R. M. H. (2021). Synergistic Activity of Phenolic Compounds of Some Plants Against Bacteria. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 8(6), 102-110. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijrasb.8.6.17