Review of Agricultural Products Marketing Activities and Services
Marketing is the performance of all physical activities, transactions and facilities, as a result of which the agricultural product is moved from the main place of production (farm), all kinds of benefits are added to them, and after reaching the last consumer, some of his needs are met. In order for objects and services to move in the marketing channel, they must legally change their ownership, resulting in a change of ownership of the exchange, so that several exchanges take place during marketing until the crop reaches the final consumer. Different activities in the marketing stage make it possible to move the material in the marketing channel. The sum of these activities is studied under the heading of marketing tasks, which are generally divided into three categories, which include exchange, physical and facilitative activities. Doing any of these activities will add value to agricultural products and facilitate the transfer of goods, and the product will be placed in the hands of the end consumer to meet some of his needs. When the product is produced and ready to be marketed for consumption until it reaches the final consumer, actions are taken on these products, which are called agricultural marketing services; Therefore, operations of agricultural products include collection, transfer and distribution of agricultural products that require various services, which include product collection, transportation, packaging, conversion or processing of products, standardization of agricultural products, grading, storage and storage of agricultural products, credit , Accept risks, pricing and advertising. Complete coherence and coordination between activities to reduce costs, normal and fast flow of products and prevent spoilage and deterioration of their quality. All of the above activities are carried out by a marketing system consisting of physical, exchange and facility organizations and institutions; Timely implementation of these activities in order to reach the product to consumers on time, good quality and reasonable price is important. The overall purpose of this issue is to identify the different marketing tasks of agricultural products in order to fully understand the various marketing activities and improve how these tasks are performed so as not to reduce the quality of agricultural products.The present research has been done by review method and using previous studies in order to review the marketing activities and services of agricultural products. In this regard, citation method and study of scientific books, articles and journals have been used to collect information and information. It came to this conclusion by reviewing and studying scientific books and articles related to the subject of marketing activities and services; All marketing activities are carried out through a marketing system consisting of individuals, physical institutions, transactions and facilities with their infrastructure, which is simultaneously responsible for increasing the high value of products and transferring them from producers to consumers to satisfy their maximum demand. Without an active and modern marketing system with telecommunication facilities, transportation, storage, refrigeration, processing, credit, generators can not make good use of production and marketing opportunities.
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