Isolation, Identification and Evaluation of Indigenous Plant Growth Promoting Bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae PNE1

  • Pooja Gupta Pramukh Swami Science and H.D. Patel Arts College, SV Campus, Kadi, Gujarat, INDIA.
  • Dr. Minal Trivedi Pramukh Swami Science and H.D. Patel Arts College, SV Campus, Kadi, Gujarat, INDIA.
  • Dr. Harsha Soni Pramukh Swami Science and H.D. Patel Arts College, SV Campus, Kadi, Gujarat, INDIA.
Keywords: Biopolymer degradation, Plant growth promoting bacteria, EPS production, Klebsiella Pneumoniae PNE1, Nitrogen fixation, Phosphate and Potassium solubilization, IAA production

Abstract

Application of chemical fertilizer is an integral practice to optimize crop productivity, but the dominant use of chemical fertilizers contributes largely to the deterioration of the environment, leads to loss of soil fertility, increases pollution, and causes hazardous diseases. Hence, the chemical fertilizers, pesticides and other supplements are being replaced by the plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) due to their improved potency and environment friendly nature. Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) can enhance plant growth by a wide variety of mechanisms like Phosphate (P) solubilization, Potassium solubilisation, siderophore production, biological nitrogen fixation and Indole acetic acid (IAA) production. The Klebsiella species is also known to exhibit important PGP traits like solubilization of phosphate, phytohormone production and good germination potential. In present study the Klebsiella pneumoniae PNE1 was selected from the isolates obtained from vegetable waste collected from Kadi market. The isolate was selected on the basis of its ability for Nitogen fixation, Phosphate solubilization, Potassium solubilization, IAA production, EPS production and biopolymer degradation. The molecular identification through 16S rRNA gene sequence, confirmed the isolate as Klebsiella pneumonia PNE1. Quantitative analysis of ammonia production revealed that isolate Klebsiella pneumonia PNE1 produced 0.5 µg/ml of ammonia (NH3) on 6th day of incubation and produced 0.09 µg/ml Nitrite after 8th day of incubation. The Phosphate solubilisation Index (SI) of the isolate was 4.16 and the isolate released 177.50 μg/ml Phosphate. The qualitative estimation of Potassium solubilisation by the isolate Klebsiella pneumoniae PNE1 in terms of Potassium solubilisation zone was found to increase gradually from day 1 to 7 days and was maximum at 2nd day with a KSI of 3.6. The isolate Klebsiella pneumoniae PNE1 released 29.94 mg/l Potassium on 21th day of incubation respectively. The IAA production was found to be 94.96 µg/ml. The maximum the EPS yield was 11.3 mg/ml. The Klebsiella pneumonia PNE1 had capacity to degrade Cellulose, Pectin and Xylan i.e. all biopolymers tested. The antibiotic susceptibility test indicated that isolate was sensitive to all 22 antibiotics tested. The Klebsiella pneumonia PNE1 thus, shows important plant growth promoting traits and can be used in a bio-fertilizer formulation for sustainable agriculture.

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Published
2021-12-10
How to Cite
Gupta, P., Trivedi, M., & Soni, H. (2021). Isolation, Identification and Evaluation of Indigenous Plant Growth Promoting Bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae PNE1. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 8(6), 47-56. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijrasb.8.6.9