Physical – Chemical, Mechanical and Antimicrobial Properties of Bio-Nanocomposite Films and Edible Coatings
Bio-nanocomposite ﬁlms and edible coatings constitute of metal nanoparticles incorporated in biopolymers on the shelf life and quality of food were studied. It has been seen that the application of bio-nanocomposite ﬁlms and edible coatings to fruits and vegetables may lead to decreasing the color changes, respiration rate, weight loss and extended shelf life, delaying ripening and being environmentally friendly. Physical-chemical properties such as moisture barrier, oxygen scavengers, and antimicrobial properties have been reviewed. In addition, the physicochemical characterization which covers surface and structure characterization, as well as contact angle, thickness, transparency, colour characterization and thermal stability were included. Moreover, it has been seen that novel bio-nanocomposite ﬁlms and edible coatings are able to enhance the texture, improve the product appearance, and prolong the shelf-life by creating semi-permeable barriers to gases and moisture, such as carbon dioxide and oxygen.
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