Response of Industrial Solid Wastes on Maize (Zea mays L.: cv. PHI 1899) Growth and on Soil Characteristics
Greenhouse pottrial experiment was conducted on maize (cv. Phi-1899) crop to find out the effects of sugar and yeast industry solid wastes viz. Sugar industry sludge, sulphitation pressmud and yeast industry sludge on germination and growth of maize. The post-harvest soil analysis was also conducted to determine their effects on various soil chemical properties. Germination of maize was stimulated (from 50.0% to 73.3%) with the addition of sugar industry sludge, sulphitation pressmud and yeast industry sludge @ 8% in soil. All the treatments of sugar industry sludge (upto 8% application in soil) caused a statistically significant increase in plant growth. The dry weight of root and shoot at both the stages was found to increase up to 4% pressmud application then significantly decrease at 8% level of addition. The plant height and dry weight of shoot also increased significantly due to sludge application. The sludge and pm registered a significant increase in soil EC, organic carbon, available potassium, available phosphorus, total nitrogen and the C:N ratio of soil. It was concluded that sludge and pm of the sugar industry could be used as source of plant nutrients in an integrated nutrient management system, up to a level as high as 4% addition to the soil.
A.O.A.C. (1985). Association of official analytical chemists. Official methods of analysis, Washington.
Borde. B.K., Kadarn, J.R. and Patil. N.D. 1984. Effect of Pm cake and phosphatic fertilizer on yield and uptake of nutrient by greengram. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 32: 516-518.
Jackson. M.L. 1958. Soil Chemical Analysis Prentice Hall Inc. N.J. Kanwar, J.S. and Chawla. V. K. 1963. Comparative study of the effect of gypsum and press mud on the physico-chemical properties of saline-alkali soils. J. Soil. Water Conserv, India 11: 95-106.
Kapur, M.L. 1995. Direct and residual value of sulphitation cane filter cake as a nitrogen source for crops. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 43: 63-66.
Mohammad, B., Adnan, M., Musif, F., Fahad, S., Saeed, M. (2019). Substituting area by organic waste for improving maize yield in alkaline soil. J. Plant Nutrition 42(19): 2423-2434.
Patil, S.P., and Kale, S.P. 1983. Residual effect of Pm cake (PMC) on 1. Yield and quality of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Indian Sugar 32: 905-908.
Rai, Y., Singh D., Singh. K.D.N., Prasad, C.R. and Prasad, M., 1980. Utilization of waste product of sugar industry as a soil amendment vis-a-vis for reclamation of saline-sodic soils. Indian Sugar 30: 241-244.
Raman. S.. Patel. A.M., Shah. G.B. and Kaswala, R.R., 1996. Feasibility of some industrial wastes for soil improvement and crop production. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 44: 147-150.
Singh, N.J., Athokpam, H.S., Devi, K.N., Chonatham, N., Singh, N.B., Sharma, P.T. (2015). Effect of farm yard manure and press mud on fertility status of alkaline soil under maize-wheat cropping sequence. African J. Agri. Res. 10(24): 2421-2431.
Vinod Kumar & A.K. Chopra 2016. Effects of sugar cane pressmud on agronomical characteristics of hybrid cultivar of eggplant (Solanum Melongena L.) under field condition. Int. J. of recycling of organic wastes in Agriculture 5: 149-162.
Yaduvanshi, N.P.S. and Yadav, D.V., 1990. Effects of combined application of sulphitation Pm and fertilizer nitrogen on the economy and recovery of added nitrogen in sugarcane. Fert. News 36(4): 49-51.
Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.