Nutritional Effects on Dairy Cattle Fertility

  • Alragubi. S. M. Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Bani Walid, University, LIBYA
  • Dr. Naser Estuty Libyan Authority for Scientific Research, Libyan Olive Tree Research Center, LIBYA
Keywords: diet, energy balance, fatty acids, non-structural carbohydrates, protein

Abstract

Dairy cow fertility has declined in recent decades, coincidental with large increases in milk production. The problem is often considered being nutritional and can be corrected through dietary adjustment. The interaction between nutrition and reproduction is poorly tuned, and study results are often contradictory. Nutrition is an important component of successful reproduction, but dietary change to improve pregnancy rates is complicated, and merely offering pastured cows a supplement is unlikely to result in large effects, say authors. The effect of energy balance, carbohydrate type, protein and fat on reproductive outcomes will be considered.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adamiak SJ, Mackie K, Watt RG, Webb R, Sinclair KD (2005) Impact of nutrition on oocyte quality: cumulative effects of body composition and diet leading to hyperinsulinemia in cattle. Biology of Reproduction 73, 918–926. doi:10.1095/biolreprod.105.041483

Adamiak SJ, Powell K, Rooke JA, Webb R, Sinclair KD (2006) Body composition, dietary carbohydrates and fatty acids determine post- fertilisation development of bovine oocytes in vitro. Reproduction (Cambridge, England) 131, 247–258. doi:10.1530/rep.1.00871

ARC (1980) ‘The nutrient requirements of ruminant livestock.’ (CAB International: Wallingford)

Ambrose DJ, Kastelic JP, Corbett R, Pitney PA, Petit HV, Small JA, Zalkovic P (2006) Lower pregnancy losses in lactating dairy cows fed a diet enriched in alpha-linolenic acid. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 3066–3074. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72581-4

Arunvipas P, Leger ER, VanLeeuwen JA, Dohoo IR, Keefe GP (2003) The effect of nutritional and management factors and milk urea nitrogen and management factors and milk urea nitrogen levels on reproductive performance in Canadian dairy herds. In ‘10th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics’. pp. 258–261. (International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics: Vina Del Mar, Chile)

Bargo F, Muller LD, Kolver ES, Delahoy JE (2003) Invited review: production and digestion of supplemented dairy cows on pasture. Journal of Dairy Science 86, 1–42. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03) 73581-4

Barton BA, Rosario HA, Anderson GW, Grindle BP, Carroll DJ (1996) Effects of dietary crude protein, breed, parity, and health status on the fertility of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 79, 2225–2236. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(96)76599-2

Beam SW (1995) Follicular development in postpartum cattle: effects of energy balance and dietary lipid. PhD Dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Beam SW, Butler WR (1997) Energy balance and ovarian follicle development prior to the first ovulation postpartum in dairy cows receiving three levels of dietary fat. Biology of Reproduction 56, 133–142. doi:10.1095/biolreprod56.1.133

Beam SW, Butler WR (1999) Effects of energy balance on follicular development and first ovulation in postpartum dairy cows. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility. Supplement 54, 411–424.

Berry DP, Buckley F, Dillon P, Evans RD, Rath M, Veerkamp RF (2003) Genetic relationships among body condition score, body weight, milk yield, and fertility in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 86, 2193–2204. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73809-0

Berry DP, Roche JR, Coffee MP (2008) Body condition score and fertility – more than just a feeling. In ‘Fertility in dairy cows’. (Eds MD Royal, NC Friggens, RF Smith) pp. 107–118. (British Society of Animal Science: Pencuik, Scotland)

Beukes PC, Burke CR, Levy G, Tiddy RM (2010) Using a whole farm model to determine the impacts of mating management on the profitability of pasture-based dairy farms. Animal Reproduction Science 121, 46–54. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72432-8

Bilby TR, Block J, do Amaral BC, Sa Filho O, Silvestre FT, Hansen PJ, Staples CR, Thatcher WW (2006a) Effects of dietary unsaturated fatty acids on oocyte quality and follicular development in lactating dairy cows in summer. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 3891–3903. doi:10.3168/jds. S0022-0302(06)72432-8

Bilby TR, Jenkins T, Staples CR, Thatcher WW (2006b) Pregnancy, bovine somatotropin, and dietary n-3 fatty acids in lactating dairy cows: III. Fatty acid distribution. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 3386–3399. doi:10.3168/ jds.S0022-0302(06)72375-X

Blanchard T, Ferguson J, Love L, Takeda T, Henderson B, Hasler J, Chalupa W (1990) Effect of dietary crude-protein type on fertilization and embryo quality in dairy cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research 51, 905–908.

Block J, Fischer-Brown AE, Rodina TM, Ealy AD, Hansen PJ (2007) The effect of in vitro treatment of bovine embryos with IGF-1 on subsequent development in utero to Day 14 of gestation. Theriogenology 68, 153–161. doi:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2007.04.045

Bramley E, Lean IJ, Fulkerson WJ, Stevenson MA, Rabiee AR, Costa ND (2008) The definition of acidosis in dairy herds predominantly fed on pasture and concentrates. Journal of Dairy Science 91, 308–321. doi:10.3168/jds.2006-601

Breier BH, Gluckman PD, Bass JJ (1988) The somatotrophic axis in young steers: influence of nutritional status and oestradiol-17 beta on hepatic high- and low-affinity somatotrophic binding sites. The Journal of Endocrinology 116, 169–177. doi:10.1677/joe.0.1160169

Brosh A, Henkin Z, Ungar ED, Dolev A, Orlov A, Yehuda Y, Aharoni Y (2006) Energy cost of cows’ grazing activity: use of the heart rate method and the Global Positioning System for direct field estimation. Journal of Animal Science 84, 1951–1967. doi:10.2527/jas.2005-315

Burke CR, Roche JR (2007) Effects of pasture feeding during the periparturient period on postpartum anovulation in grazed dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 90, 4304–4312. doi:10.3168/jds.2006-788

Burke CR, McDougall S, Mcmillian KL (1995) Effects of breed and calving liveweight on postpartum ovarian activity in pasture-fed heifers. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 55, 76–78.

Burke CR, Verkerk GA, MacMillan KL (1996) An attempt to create an ‘anoestrous cow’ model by restricting feed allowances in non-lactating cyclic cows. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 56, 233–235.

Burke CR, Fowler C, Tiddy RM (2008) Building towards the InCalf programme for New Zealand. In ‘Proceedings of Dairy Cattle Veterinarians Conference, 18–20 June 2008, Palmerston North, New Zealand’. (Ed. T Parkinson) pp. 1–8. (Vetlearn: Wellington, New Zealand)

Burke CR, Kay JK, Phyn CWP, Meier S, Roche JR (2010a) Short communication: effects of dietary non-structural carbohydrate pre- and postpartum on reproduction of grazing dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 93, 1116–1125. doi:10.3168/jds.2009-2562

Burke CR, Williams YJ, Hofmann L, Kay JK, Phyn CV, Meier S (2010b) Effects of an acute feed restriction at the onset of the seasonal breeding period on reproductive performance and milk production in pasture- grazed dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 93, 1116–1125. doi:10.3168/jds.2009-2562

Butler WR (1998) Review: effect of protein nutrition on ovarian and uterine physiology in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 81, 2533–2539. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(98)70146-8

Butler ST, Pelton SH, Butler WR (2004) Insulin increases 17 beta-oestradiol production by the dominant follicle of the first postpartum follicle wave in dairy cows. Reproduction (Cambridge, England) 127, 537–545. doi:10.1530/rep.1.00079

Carruthers VB, Neil PG, Dalley DY (1997) Effect of altering the non- structural: structural carbohydrate ratio in a pasture diet on milk production and ruminal metabolites in cows in early and late lactation. Animal Science (Penicuik, Scotland) 64, 393–402. doi:10.1017/ S1357729800015988

Cerri RL, Juchem SO, Chebel RC, Rutigliano HM, Bruno RG, Galvao KN, Thatcher WW, Santos JE (2009) Effect of fat source differing in fatty acid profile on metabolic parameters, fertilization, and embryo quality in high- producing dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 92, 1520–1531. doi:10.3168/jds.2008-1614

Chagas LM, Bass JJ, Blache D, Burke CR, Kay JK, Lindsay DR, Lucy MC, Martin GB, Meier S, Rhodes FM, Roche JR, Thatcher WW, Webb R (2007a) Invited review: new perspectives on the roles of nutrition and metabolic priorities in the subfertility of high-producing dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 90, 4022–4032. doi:10.3168/ jds.2006-852

Chagas LM, Gore PJ, Meier S, Macdonald KA, Verkerk GA (2007b) Effect of monopropylene glycol on luteinizing hormone, metabolites, and postpartum anovulatory intervals in primiparous dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 90, 1168–1175. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(07)71603-X

Chagas LM, Tunon GE, Taufa VK, Burke CR, Waghorn GC (2010) Reproductive performance of pasture-fed dairy cows supplemented with monopropylene glycol. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 58, 17–22. doi:10.1080/00480169.2010.65056

Cheng Z, Robinson RS, Pushpakumara PG, Mansbridge RJ, Wathes DC (2001) Effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids on uterine prostaglandin synthesis in the cow. The Journal of Endocrinology 171, 463–473. doi:10.1677/joe.0.1710463

Cheng Z, Abayasekara DR, Wathes DC (2005) The effect of supplementation with n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids on 1-, 2- and 3-series prostaglandin F productionby ovineuterine epithelial cells. Biochimicaet Biophysica Acta 1736, 128–135.

Childs S, Carter F, Lynch CO, Sreenan JM, Lonergan P, Hennessy AA, Kenny DA (2008a) Embryo yield and quality following dietary supplementation of beef heifers with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). Theriogenology 70, 992–1003. doi:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2008.

06.008

Childs S, Hennessy AA, Sreenan JM, Wathes DC, Cheng Z, Stanton C, Diskin MG, Kenny DA (2008b) Effect of level of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on systemicand tissue fatty acid concentrations and on selected reproductive variables in cattle. Theriogenology 70, 595–611. doi:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2008.04.002

Coyne GS, Kenny DA, Childs S, Sreenan JM, Waters SM (2008) Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids alter the expression of genes involved in prostaglandin biosynthesis in the bovine uterus. Theriogenology 70, 772–782. doi:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2008.05.048

CSIRO (2007) ‘Nutrient requirements of domesticated ruminants.’ (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne)

Dalley DE, Roche JR, Grainger C, Moate PJ (1999) Dry matter intake, nutrient selection and milk production of dairy cows grazing rainfed perennial pastures at different herbage allowances in spring. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 39, 923–931. doi:10.1071/ EA99022

Dawuda PM, Scaramuzzi RJ, Leese HJ, Hall CJ, Peters AR, Drew SB, Wathes DC (2002) Effect of timing of urea feeding on the yield and quality of embryos in lactating dairy cows. Theriogenology 58, 1443–1455. doi:10.1016/S0093-691X(02)00973-1

Published
2021-08-02
How to Cite
Alragubi. S. M., & Dr. Naser Estuty. (2021). Nutritional Effects on Dairy Cattle Fertility. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 8(4), 71-82. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijrasb.8.4.12
Section
Articles