Current Status and Future Perspective on Enzyme Involving in Biocontrol of Plant Pathogen

  • Ami Chaudhari C. G. Bhakta Institute of Biotechnology, Uka Tarsadia University, Bardoli, Surat394 350 Gujarat, INDIA
  • Jesal Patel C. G. Bhakta Institute of Biotechnology, Uka Tarsadia University, Bardoli, Surat394 350 Gujarat, INDIA.
Keywords: Biocontrol, Biofumigation, Disease, Enzymes, Pathogen

Abstract

To sustain the quality and abundance of fruit, feed and fiber provided by farmers all over the world, plant diseases must be regulated. Plant diseases may be prevented, mitigated, or regulated using a variety of methods. Growers also rely on chemical fertilizers and pesticides for good agronomic and horticultural practices. Such agricultural inputs have taken a vital part in spectacular increases in crop yield and quality over the last 100 years. Microbial enzymes function as biocatalysts for key biochemical reactions and also assist microbes reproduce in a particular niche. The ability of rhizosphere microorganism to increase the growth of plant and control phytopathogens has long been known. Rhizosphere microbes may aid plants in several ways in their fight against phytopathogens. Of all recognized biocontrol pathways, the excretion of lytic enzymes is known as an important way to prevent phytopathogens from living in the region of the rhizosphere. Rhizosphere microorganism produces chitinases, cellulases, proteases, and glucanases in reaction to phytopathogen assault. For assessing antagonist-pathogen interactions, ecological characteristics of antagonists in the rhizosphere, and optimizing the effectiveness of bacterial, fungal, and viral biocontrol agents, new molecular approaches have become available. Given the experience of fungicides in near future, biological management would be another method to control diseases of plant. Since agro-ecosystem is a flexible and functioning structure that involves many variables that affect disease and production of crop, other IPM methods to control diseases of crop are also important in different surrounding conditions. As result, to successfully minimize disease production and crop yield loss in various crop systems, other IPM management mechanisms other than biological control should be considered and implemented.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Asghar H. and Mohammad P. (2010). Review on Biological Control of Fungal Plant Pathogens Using Microbial Antagonists. Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 273-290

Bargabus R. L., Zidack N.K., Sherwood J.E. and Jacobsen B.J. (2003). Oxidative burst elicited by Bacillus mycoides isolate biological control agent, occurs independently of hypersensitive cell death in sugar beet. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 16: 1145-1153.

Bent E. (2006). Induced systemic resistance mediated by Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) and Fungi (PGPF), In: Multigenic and induced systemic resistance in plants. Springer.New-York. Tuzun, S., Bent, E. (eds), pp. 225-258.

Fravel D. (2005). Commercialization and implementation of biocontrol. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol., 43: 337-359.

BCC Research (2018) Global markets for enzymes in industrial applications. Business Communications Company (BCC) Inc., Norwalk, CT.

Sahai A, Manocha M (1993) Chitinases of fungi and plants: their involvement in morphogenesis and host—parasite interaction. FEMS Microb5iol Rev 11:317–338.

Li Z, Xia C, Wang Y, Li X, Qiao Y, Li C, Zhou J, Zhang L, Ye X, Huang Y, Cui Z (2019) Identification of an endo-chitinase from Corallococcus sp. EGB and evaluation of its antifungal properties. Int J Biol Macromol 132:1235–1243.

Schülein M (1988) Cellulases of Trichoderma reesei. Methods Enzymol Elsevier, pp 234–242.

Parafati L, Cirvilleri G, Restuccia C, Wisniewski M (2017) Potential role of exoglucanase genes (WaEXG1 and WaEXG2) in the biocontrol activity of Wickerhamomyces anomalus. Microb Ecol 73:876–884.

Loliam B, Morinaga T, Chaiyanan S (2013) Biocontrol of Pythium aphanidermatum by the cel-lulolytic actinomycetes Streptomyces rubrolavendulae S4. Sci Asia 39:584–590.

Garcia-Carreon FL (1997) Classification of proteases without tears. Biochem Educ 25:161–167.

Clark DP, Pazdernik NJ (2016) Chapter 9: Proteomics. In: Clark DP, Pazdernik NJ (eds) Biotechnology, 2nd edn. Academic Cell, Boston, MA, pp295–333.

Banani H, Spadaro D, Zhang D, Matic S, Garibaldi A, Gullino ML (2014) Biocontrol activity of an alkaline serine protease from Aureobasidium pullulans expressed in Pichia pastoris against four postharvest pathogens on apple. Int J Food Microbiol 182:1–8.

Gueguen Y, Voorhorst WG, van der Oost J, de Vos WM (1997) Molecular and biochemical characterization of an Endo-β-1, 3-glucanase of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus. J Biol Chem 272:31258–31264.

Fridlender M, Inbar J, Chet I (1993) Biological control of soilborne plant pathogens by a β-1, 3 glucanase-producing Pseudomonas cepacia. Soil Biol Biochem 25:1211–1221

P. Mishra • S. K. Dwivedi • N. K. Arora (2020) Microbial Enzymes in Biocontrol of Phytopathogens.Microbial Enzymes: Roles and Applications in Industries.10.978-981.

Alemu Nega (2014) Review on Concepts in Biological Control of Plant Pathogens. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 4:27,2224-3208.

Claude Alabouvette, Chantal Olivain, Christian Steinberg. (2006) "Biological Control of Plant Diseases: The European Situation", European Journal of Plant Pathology, 114,329–341.

Pal, K. K. and B. McSpadden Gardener, (2006). Biological Control of Plant Pathogens the Plant Health Instructor.10.1117-02.

Patel, P., Shah, R., Joshi, B., Ramar, K., Natarajan, A (2019) Molecular identification and biocontrol activity of sugarcane rhizosphere bacteria against red rot pathogen Colletotrichum falcatum. Biotechnology Reports 21, e00317

Prittesh, P., Amaresan, N., Rushabh, S., Krishnamurthy, R., Bhasker, V (2016) Isolation and pathogenic variability of Colletotrichum falcatum causing red rot in sugarcane. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection 123, 273-277

Published
2021-07-27
How to Cite
Ami Chaudhari, & Jesal Patel. (2021). Current Status and Future Perspective on Enzyme Involving in Biocontrol of Plant Pathogen. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 8(4), 49-55. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijrasb.8.4.8
Section
Articles