The Role of Chromatography in the Food Industry
The widespread usage of gas chromatography for food analysis makes it a value for scientific research. The typical chemical and food analysis tasks performed by Quall Expand use mostly quantitative or qualitative analysis of food constituents, poisons, pesticides, and waste chemicals. As well as the changes in food taste and packaging, and odour composition, and work with various extraction procedures such as using water and steam distillation, solvents. This review provides a general introduction to gas chromatography research and mentions the main uses of gas chromatography in food science in addition to high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Trends from past and forecasted implementation practices are noted, evaluated, and possible trends in the present and possible future behavior of food industries. They predict that in food applications, which do not include the already gas chromatography, the fastest-developing research methods in the next decade would be used known as gas chromatography. The main three methods for quick gas chromatography are low-pressure gas chromatography or TOFOT gas chromatography/time-of-MS, which is only briefly defined, and the features of a gas chromatography are evaluated.
Li M, Zhou ZG, Nie HG, Bai Y, Liu HW. Recent advances of chromatography and mass spectrometry in lipidomics. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 2011;399:243–249.
Astarita G. New frontiers for mass spectrometry in lipidomics, part II. LC GC North Am. 2012;30:482.
Navas-Iglesias N, Carrasco-Pancorbo A, Cuadros-Rodriguez L. From lipids analysis towards lipidomics, a new challenge for the analytical chemistry of the 21st century. Part II: analytical lipidomics. TrAC Trends Anal. Chem. 2009;28:393–403
Godzien J, Ciborowski M, Whiley L, Legido-Quigley C, Ruperez FJ, Barbas C. In-vial dual extraction liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry applied to streptozotocin-treated diabetic rats. Tips and pitfalls of the method. J. Chromatogr. A. 2013;1304:52–60.
Whiley L, Godzien J, Ruperez FJ, Legido-Quigley C, Barbas C. In-vial dual extraction for direct LC-MS analysis of plasma for comprehensive and highly reproducible metabolic fingerprinting. Anal. Chem. 2012;84:5992–5999.
Wolf C, Quinn PJ. Lipidomics: practical aspects and applications. Prog. Lipid Res. 2008;47:15–36.
Folch J, Lees M, Stanley GHS. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipides from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 1957;226:497–509.
Bligh EG, Dyer WJ. A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Can. J. Biochem. Physiol. 1959;37:911–917.
Matyash V, Liebisch G, Kurzchalia TV, Shevchenko A, Schwudke D. Lipid extraction by methyl-tert-butyl ether for high-throughput lipidomics. J. Lipid Res. 2008;49:1137–1146.
Lofgren L, Stahlman M, Forsberg GB, Saarinen S, Nilsson R, Hansson GI. The BUME method: a novel automated chloroform-free 96-well total lipid extraction method for blood plasma. J. Lipid Res. 2012;53:1690–1700.
Giavalisco P, Li Y, Matthes A, Eckhardt A, Hubberten HM, Hesse H, et al. Elemental formula annotation of polar and lipophilic metabolites using C-13, N-15 and S-34 isotope labelling, in combination with high-resolution mass spectrometry. Plant J. 2011;68:364–376.
Yang YH, Cruickshank C, Armstrong M, Mahaffey S, Reisdorph R, Reisdorph N. New sample preparation approach for mass spectrometry-based profiling of plasma results in improved coverage of metabolome. J. Chromatogr. A. 2013;1300:217–226.
Chen SL, Hoene M, Li J, Li YJ, Zhao XJ, Haring HU, et al. Simultaneous extraction of metabolome and lipidome with methyl tert-butyl ether from a single small tissue sample for ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A. 2013;1298:9–16.
Garcia-Canaveras JC, Donato MT, Castell JV, Lahoz A. A comprehensive untargeted metabonomic analysis of human steatotic liver tissue by RP and HILIC chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry reveals important metabolic alterations. J. Proteome Res. 2011;10:4825–4834.
Ivanisevic J, Zhu ZJ, Plate L, Tautenhahn R, Chen S, O'Brien PJ, et al. Toward ‘omic scale metabolite profiling: a dual separation-mass spectrometry approach for coverage of lipid and central carbon metabolism. Anal. Chem. 2013;85:6876–6884.
Blanksby SJ, Mitchell TW. Advances in mass spectrometry for lipidomics. Annu. Rev. Anal. Chem. 2010;3:433–465.
Sandra K, Sandra P. Lipidomics from an analytical perspective. Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol. 2013;17:847–853.
Nygren H, Seppänen-Laakso T, Castillo S, Hyötyläinen T, Orešič M, Metz TO, editors. Methods Mol. Biol. Humana Press; New York: 2011. pp. 247–257.
Bird SS, Marur VR, Sniatynski MJ, Greenberg HK, Kristal BS. Lipidomics profiling by high-resolution LC-MS and high-energy collisional dissociation fragmentation: focus on characterization of mitochondrial cardiolipins and monolysocardiolipins. Anal. Chem. 2011;83:940–949.
Gallart-Ayala H, Courant F, Severe S, Antignac JP, Morio F, Abadie J, et al. Versatile lipid profiling by liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry using all ion fragmentation and polarity switching. Preliminary application for serum samples phenotyping related to canine mammary cancer. Anal. Chim. Acta. 2013;796:75–83.
Guillarme D, Ruta J, Rudaz S, Veuthey JL. New trends in fast and high-resolution liquid chromatography: a critical comparison of existing approaches. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 2010;397:1069–1082.
Castro-Perez JM, Kamphorst J, DeGroot J, Lafeber F, Goshawk J, Yu K, et al. MSE lipidomic analysis using a shotgun approach and its application to biomarker detection and identification in osteoarthritis patients. J. Proteome Res. 2010;9:2377–2389.
Ogiso H, Suzuki T, Taguchi R. Development of a reverse-phase liquid chromatography electrospray ionization mass spectrometry method for lipidomics, improving detection of phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylserine. Anal. Biochem. 2008;375:124–131.
Samhan-Arias AK, Ji J, Demidova OM, Sparvero LJ, Feng W, Tyurin V, et al. Oxidized phospholipids as biomarkers of tissue and cell damage with a focus on cardiolipin. Biochim. Biophys. Acta Biomembr. 1818;2012:2413–2423.
Gama MR, Silva RGD, Collins CH, Bottoli CBG. Hydrophilic interaction chromatography. TrAC Trends Anal. Chem. 2012;37:48–60.
Novakova L, Vlckova H. A review of current trends and advances in modern bio-analytical methods: chromatography and sample preparation. Anal. Chim. Acta. 2009;656:8–35.
Zhou Q, Gao B, Zhang X, Xu Y, Shi H, Yu L. Chemical profiling of triacylglycerols and diacylglycerols in cow milk fat by ultra-performance convergence chromatography combined with a quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Food Chem. 2014;143:199–204.
Yamada T, Uchikata T, Sakamoto S, Yokoi Y, Nishiumi S, Yoshida M, et al. Supercritical fluid chromatography/Orbitrap mass spectrometry based lipidomics platform coupled with automated lipid identification software for accurate lipid profiling. J. Chromatogr. A. 2013;1301:237–242.
Bamba T, Shimonishi N, Matsubara A, Hirata K, Nakazawa Y, Kobayashi A, et al. High throughput and exhaustive analysis of diverse lipids by using supercritical fluid chromatography-mass spectrometry for metabolomics. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 2008;105:460–469.
Lee JW, Uchikata T, Matsubara A, Nakamura T, Fukusaki E, Bamba T. Application of supercritical fluid chromatography/mass spectrometry to lipid profiling of soybean. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 2012;113:262–268.
Bamba T, Lee JW, Matsubara A, Fukusaki E. Metabolic profiling of lipids by supercritical fluid chromatography/mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A. 2012;1250:212–219. 36. Lisa M, Cifkova E, Holcapek M. Lipidomic profiling of biological tissues using off-line two-dimensional high-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A. 2011;1218:5146–5156.
Myers DS, Ivanova PT, Milne SB, Brown HA. Quantitative analysis of glycerophospholipids by LC-MS: acquisition, data handling, and interpretation. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 2011;1811:748–757.
Bird SS, Marur VR, Stavrovskaya IG, Kristal BS. Qualitative characterization of the rat liver mitochondrial lipidome using LC–MS profiling and high energy collisional dissociation (HCD) all ion fragmentation. Metabolomics. 2013;9:S67–S83.
Bird SS, Marur VR, Sniatynski MJ, Greenberg HK, Kristal BS. Serum lipidomics profiling using LC-MS and high-energy collisional dissociation fragmentation: focus on triglyceride detection and characterization. Anal. Chem. 2011;83:6648–6657.
Hummel J, Segu S, Li Y, Irgang S, Jueppner J, Giavalisco P. Ultra performance liquid chromatography and high resolution mass spectrometry for the analysis of plant lipids. Front. Plant Sci. 2011;2:54.
Seppanen-Laakso T, Oresic M. How to study lipidomes. J. Mol. Endocrinol. 2009;42:185–190.
Kliman M, May JC, McLean JA. Lipid analysis and lipidomics by structurally selective ion mobility-mass spectrometry. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 2011;1811:935–945.
Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.