Ripening Regulation and Post-harvest Improvement of Banana Cv. Malbhog by Treating with Ethephon

  • Umesh Timilsina GPCAR, Purbanchal University, Morang, NEPAL
  • Arjun Kumar Shrestha Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, NEPAL
  • Arbind Srivastava Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, NEPAL
  • Anuja Rijal Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Kumaltar, Lalitpur, NEPAL
Keywords: Banana, Ethephon, Post-harvest, Quality


A study entitled “Ripening regulation and post-harvest life improvement of banana Cv. Malbhog using ethephon” was under taken to assess the effect of ethephon on banana fruit ripening and quality parameters after harvest under ordinary room condition. The experiment was conducted at Central laboratory of Post-Harvest Horticulture of Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal in 2016. The experiment was laid out in Completely Randomized Design (CRD) in which the experiment comprised of five treatments; control(no use of ethephon), ethephon @ 250 ppm, ethephon @ 500 ppm, ethephon @ 750 ppm and ethephon @ 1000 ppm replicated four times. On the final day of storage, the maximum physiological loss in weight was observed with ethephon @ 1000 ppm (24.52 %) and the colour score (7.75). Similarly the highest Total Soluble Solids content (19.32ºBrix) was observed with ethephon @ 1000 ppm and the maximum shelf life was found with control (14 days). From the experiment, the use of ethephon @ 1000 ppm and ethephon @ 750 ppm was found more effective regarding banana ripening and other various post harvest parameters and in case, if the bananas are to be stored for long duration, the control treatement is recommended to the farmers because it increases the shelf life.


Download data is not yet available.


Ahmad, S., Perviez, M. A., Thompson, A. K., &Ullah, H. (2006). Effects of storage of banana in controlled atmosphere before ethylene treatments on its ripening and quality. J. Agric. Res, 44(3), 219-229.

Arumugam, T., Pal, P.K, Maini, S.B &Khudariya, D.S. (2002). Studies on extension of shelf life in banana (Musa spp.) cv.Robusta, Southindian Hort., 50(4/6):496-499

Ban, T., Kugishima, M., Ogata, T., Shiozaki, S., Horiuchi, S., & Ueda, H. (2007). Effect of ethephon (2-chloroethylphosphonic acid) on the fruit ripening characters of rabbit eye blueberry. Scientia Horticulturae, 112(3), 278-281

Basnyat, R. C., Shrestha, G. K., Dhital, P &Thapa, R.B. (1996). Socioeconomic conditions of banana growers and their practices in banana production, handling and marketing in Chitwan district district: a case study, IAAS Research Reports (1994-1995):27-35

Dadzie, B.K., Orchard, J.E. (1997). Routin postharvest screening of banana/plantain hybrids criteria and methods. International network for banana and plantain (Inibap), Technical Guidelines. Rome, Italy. pp 75-76.

Gautam, D.M. & Dhakal, D.D. (1993). FalfulTathaAudhogik Bali (In Nepali). Pavitra and Rupa publication, Bharatpur, Chitwan.

(ICIMOD, 2013). Article on Expanding Commercial banana production in Nepal, google search (,production%20of%20about%20182%2C005%20tonnes.

Islam, M., & Rul, K. (2014). Effects of Different Levels of Ethylene Scavenging Compound on Shelf Life and Quality of Banana (Doctoral Dissertation, Myensingh University, Bangladesh).

Kader A.A. (1994). Postharvest technology of Horticultural crops. University of California, division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, (quality and safety factors, definition and evaluation for fresh horticultural crops) second edition, publication No 3311. pp. 228-345.

Kittur, F. S., Saroja, N., &Tharanathan, R. (2001). Polysaccharide-based composite coating formulations for shelf-life extension of fresh banana and mango. European food research and technology, 213(4-5), 306-311.

Mebratie, M. A., Woldetsadik, K., Ayalew, A., & Haji, J. (2015).

.Comparative Study of Different Banana Ripening Methods. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, 4(2), 32-38.

Mahajan, B. V. C., Kaur, T., Gill, M. I. S., Dhaliwal, H. S., Ghuman, B. S., &Chahil, B. S. (2010). Studies on optimization of ripening techniques for banana. Journal of food science and technology, 47(3), 315-319.

Mahajan, B. V. C., Singh, G. &Dhat, A. S., (2008). Studies on ripening behavior and quality of winter guava with ethylene gas and ethephon treatment. J. Food Sci. Technol., 45(1): 81-84.

MOAD. (2014). A book on statistical Informtion on Nepalese Agriculture.

Pathak, N., & Sanwal, G. G. (1999). Regulation of the ripening of banana (Musa acuminata) fruits by chemicals. Indian journal of agricultural science,69(1), 17-20.

Pendharkar, P. Y., Hiwale, S. S., &Patil, A. B. (2011). Studies on the effect of ethrel on ripening of banana fruits cv. GRAND NAINE. Asian Journal of Horticulture, 6(2), 309-312.

Rob, M. (2012). Effects of various postharvest treatments on shelf life and quality of banana (Doctoral dissertation, Myensingh University, Bangladesh).

Robinson, J.C., Sauco, V.G. (2010). Bananas and Plantains. 2nd ed. CAB International, UK, MPG Books, pp 259-263.

Ulrich, R. (1974). Organic acids in Biochemistry of fruits and their product. Ed. A.C. Hulme. Academic press, NewYork.pp. 89-118.

How to Cite
Umesh Timilsina, Arjun Kumar Shrestha, Arbind Srivastava, & Anuja Rijal. (2021). Ripening Regulation and Post-harvest Improvement of Banana Cv. Malbhog by Treating with Ethephon. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 8(2), 262-266.