A Review on Effect of Climatic Zones on the Milk Production of Holstein Friesian and Jersey Cows

  • Prabha Adhikari Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuwan University, Lamjung Campus, NEPAL
  • Prativa Sharma Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuwan University, Lamjung Campus, NEPAL
  • Surya Prasad Sharma
Keywords: Productivity, Holstein Friesian, Jersey, Climatic factors, Heat stress

Abstract

Dairy farming is emerging as commercial enterprise and milk as the part of dietary food but the milk productivity of the cattle varies with the variation in climatic factors. So, breed selection plays imperative role on maintaining productivity and adoptability in different environments. Holstein Friesian and Jersey being the temperate breeds with high milk producing capacities could not perform well on the tropical and sub-tropical region. With proper feeding, Holstein has higher milk yield and low-fat percentage than Jersey. Milk yield varies by 2.58% in Holstein and 2.09% in Jersey cow with the change in climatic factors (minimum temperature, relative humidity and solar radiation). In hot areas, both breeds suffer from heat stress showing low feed intake, higher body and rectal temperature, high respiration rates and high heart beats. Holstein has high increase than Jersey in rectal temperature and heart beat by 0.550C and 15.4 inhalations/min respectively which shows Jersey are more heat tolerant than Holstein. It is due to the larger heat dissipating area, short and light hair, lighter body coat and thin fat. Heat stress can be managed by providing shade, nutritious feed and genetic improvements. As the climate change is emerging, it can affect cattle in tropical regions even more in near future. To overcome this future challenge, further research and study must be done for the proper management of Holstein and Jersey in stress condition and heat tolerance breed must be developed by genetic improvement.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Production performance thesis.pdf. (n.d.).

Adeneye, J. A., & Bamiduro, T. A. (1977). Causes of variation in milk yield and lactation length of Jersey cattle in Western Nigeria. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 89(1), 209–214. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600027386

Beede, D. K., & Collier, R. J. (1986). Potential N U T R I T I O N a L Strategies for Intensively Managed Cattle During T H E R Ma L Stress 1 ’ 2. Journal of Animal Science, 62(January), 543–554. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/62/2/543/4658511

Berman, A., Folman, Y., Kaim, M., Mamen, M., Herz, Z., Wolfenson, D., Arieli, A., & Graber, Y. (1985). Upper Critical Temperatures and Forced Ventilation Effects for High-Yielding Dairy Cows in a Subtropical Climate. Journal of Dairy Science, 68(6), 1488–1495. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(85)80987-5

Brody, S., Ragsdale, C., Yeck, R. G., & Worstell, D. (1955). Environmental Physiology and Shelter Engineering W ith Special Reference to D omestic A nimals.

Brügemann, K., Gernand, E., König Von Borstel, U., & König, S. (2012). Defining and evaluating heat stress thresholds in different dairy cow production systems. Archives Animal Breeding, 55(1), 13–24. https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-55-13-2012

Bull, L. S. (1986). Distribution and management of cattle in relation to climatic zones within North America. The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice, 2(2), 205–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-0720(15)31231-7

David, C. L. (2008). No 主観的健康感を中心とした在宅高齢者における健康関連指標に関する共分散構造分析Title. 28(1), 101.

David, P. R. (1933). Theories of development. In Journal of Heredity (Vol. 24, Issue 12). https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a103703

Dikmen, S., & Hansen, P. J. (2009). Is the temperature-humidity index the best indicator of heat stress in lactating dairy cows in a subtropical environment? Journal of Dairy Science, 92(1), 109–116. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2008-1370

Dinesh, K., Thakur, Y. P., Katoch, S., & Sankhyan, V. (2014). Lifetime milk production efficiency of jersey cows under sub-temperate conditions. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 48(3), 286–289. https://doi.org/10.5958/j.0976-0555.48.3.060

Douphrate, D. I., Hagevoort, G. R., Nonnenmann, M. W., Lunner Kolstrup, C., Reynolds, S. J., Jakob, M., & Kinsel, M. (2013). The Dairy Industry: A Brief Description of Production Practices, Trends, and Farm Characteristics Around the World. Journal of Agromedicine, 18(3), 187–197. https://doi.org/10.1080/1059924X.2013.796901

Fernando, P. R. P., Sinniah, J., & Subramaniam, T. (2016). Productive and Reproductive Performance of Jersey Cattle in the Hill Country of Sri Lanka. Global Veterinaria 17, 17(4), 392–400. https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.gv.2016.392.400

Fournel, S., Ouellet, V., & Charbonneau, É. (2017). Practices for alleviating heat stress of dairy cows in humid continental climates: A literature review. Animals, 7(5), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani7050037

G. LeRoy Hahn, J. D. Sikes, & M. D. Shanklin and H. D. Johnson. (1969). Dairy Cow Responses to Summer Air-Conditioning as Evaluated by Switchback Experimental Design. Transactions of the ASAE, 12(2), 0202–0204. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.38798

Gantner, V., Bobic, T., Gantner, R., Gregic, M., Kuterovac, K., Novakovic, J., & Potocnik, K. (2017). Differences in response to heat stress due to production level and breed of dairy cows. International Journal of Biometeorology, 61(9), 1675–1685. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-017-1348-7

Gauly, M., Bollwein, H., Breves, G., Brügemann, K., Dänicke, S., Daş, G., Demeler, J., Hansen, H., Isselstein, J., König, S., Lohölter, M., Martinsohn, M., Meyer, U., Potthoff, M., Sanker, C., Schröder, B., Wrage, N., Meibaum, B., Von Samson-Himmelstjerna, G., … Wrenzycki, C. (2013). Future consequences and challenges for dairy cow production systems arising from climate change in Central Europe - A review. Animal, 7(5), 843–859. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731112002352

Gomes da Silva, R. (n.d.). CHAPTER 11 WEATHER AND CLIMATE AND ANIMAL PRODUCTION By Roberto Gomes da Silva. Animal Production, 1–36.

Graunke, K. L., Schuster, T., & Lidfors, L. M. (2011). Influence of weather on the behaviour of outdoor-wintered beef cattle in Scandinavia. Livestock Science, 136(2–3), 247–255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2010.09.018

Habeeb, A. A., Gad, A. E., & Atta, M. A. (2018). Temperature-Humidity Indices as Indicators to Heat Stress of Climatic Conditions with Relation to Production and Reproduction of Farm Animals. International Journal of Biotechnology and Recent Advances, 1(1), 35–50. https://doi.org/10.18689/ijbr-1000107

Hansen, P. J. (2009). Effects of heat stress on mammalian reproduction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364(1534), 3341–3350. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0131

Hill, D. L., & Wall, E. (2014). Dairy cattle in a temperate climate: The effects of weather on milk yield and composition depend on management. Animal, 9(1), 138–149. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731114002456

Johnson, H. D. (1976). World climate and milk production. International Journal of Biometeorology, 20(1 Supplement), 171–180. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01553975

Kadzere, C. T., Murphy, M. R., Silanikove, N., & Maltz, E. (2002). Heat stress in lactating dairy cows: A review. Livestock Production Science, 77(1), 59–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-6226(01)00330-X

Mauger, G., Bauman, Y., Nennich, T., Salathé, E., Mauger, G., Bauman, Y., Nennich, T., & Salathé, E. (2015). Impacts of Climate Change on Milk Production in the United States Impacts of Climate Change on Milk Production in the United States. July 2016. https://doi.org/10.1080/00330124.2014.921017

Muller, C. J. C., & Botha, J. A. (1993). Effect of summer climatic conditions on different heat tolerance indicators in primiparous Friesian and Jersey cows. South African Journal of Animal Science, 23(3–4), 98–103. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/sajas/article/view/138482

Pascual, J. J. (2011). TECHNICAL NOTE : DESIGN OF A LARGE VARIABLE TEMPERATURE CHAMBER FOR HEAT STRESS STUDIES IN RABBITS Rabbit meat production has traditionally been typical of Mediterranean countries located in. June. https://doi.org/10.1051/animres

Ravagnolo, O., Misztal, I., & Hoogenboom, G. (2000). Genetic component of heat stress in dairy cattle, development of heat index function. Journal of Dairy Science, 83(9), 2120–2125. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)75094-6

Renaudeau, D., Collin, A., Yahav, S., De Basilio, V., Gourdine, J. L., & Collier, R. J. (2012). Adaptation to hot climate and strategies to alleviate heat stress in livestock production. Animal, 6(5), 707–728. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731111002448

Rust, J. M., & Rust, T. (2013). Climate change and livestock production: A review with emphasis on Africa. South African Journal of Animal Sciences, 43(3), 256–267. https://doi.org/10.4314/sajas.v43i3.3

S.S., S., D.B., T., & F., M. (2011). Interaction between genotype and climates for holstein milk production traits in iran. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(55), 11582–11587. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB11.054

Sciences, A. (n.d.). Interactions of Climatic Factors Affecting Milk Yield and Composition ~. 14. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(88)79622-8

Smith, D. L., Smith, T., Rude, B. J., & Ward, S. H. (2013). Short communication : Comparison of the effects of heat stress on milk and component yields and somatic cell score in Holstein and Jersey cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 96(5), 3028–3033. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2012-5737

Stull, C. L., Messam, L. L. M. V., Collar, C. A., Peterson, N. G., Castillo, A. R., Reed, B. A., Andersen, K. L., & VerBoort, W. R. (2008). Precipitation and temperature effects on mortality and lactation parameters of dairy cattle in California. Journal of Dairy Science, 91(12), 4579–4591. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2008-1215

Tg, C., & Agropecuarias, C. D. I. (n.d.). Climatological and Genetic Effects on Milk Composition and Yield 1 in milk from genetic and climatic effects the Florida Agricultural Experiment half sisters for a mean of 10 monthly. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(83)81762-7

Thatcher, W. W. (1974). Effects of Season, Climate, and Temperature on Reproduction and Lactation. Journal of Dairy Science, 57(3), 360–368. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(74)84894-0

Thom, E. C. (1959). The Discomfort Index. Weatherwise, 12(2), 57–61. https://doi.org/10.1080/00431672.1959.9926960

Thornton, P., Herrero, M., Freeman, H., Okeyo, A., Rege, E., Jones, P., & McDermott, J. (2007). Vulnerability, climate change and livestock - opportunities and challenges for the poor. Journal of Semi-Arid Tropical Agricultural Research, January.

Usman, T., Qureshi, M. S., Yu, Y., & Wang, Y. (2013). Influence of various environmental factors on dairy productionand adaptability of Holstein cattle maintained under tropical and subtropical conditions. Advances in Environmental Biology, 7(2), 366–372.

Valtorta, S. E., Gallardo, M. R., Castro, H. C., & Castelli, M. E. (1996). Artificial shade and supplementation effects on grazing dairy cows in Argentina. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 39(1), 233–236. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.27503

Valtorta, Silvia E., Leva, P. E., & Gallardo, M. R. (1997). Evaluation of different shades to improve dairy cattle well-being in Argentina. International Journal of Biometeorology, 41(2), 65–67. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004840050055

West, J. W. (1999). Nutritional strategies for managing the heat-stressed dairy cow. Journal of Animal Science, 77 Suppl 2(April), 21–35. https://doi.org/10.2527/1997.77suppl_221x

West, J. W. (2003). Effects of heat-stress on production in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, 86(6), 2131–2144. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73803-X

Published
2021-03-11
How to Cite
Prabha Adhikari, Prativa Sharma, & Surya Prasad Sharma. (2021). A Review on Effect of Climatic Zones on the Milk Production of Holstein Friesian and Jersey Cows. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 8(2), 45-51. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijrasb.8.2.6
Section
Articles