Study the Antibiotic Misuse by People in Al-Najaf City

  • Meison Abdulbary
  • Suaad Lateef Ibrahim
  • Maryam Haydar
  • Zainab Hadi
  • Noor Ali
  • Enass Abd Muslim
Keywords: Antibiotics, antibacterial resistance, antibiotics misuse


Antibiotics are believed the most appropriate agent used to treat infection. There are several important points that have found to limit antibiotics efficacy to complete recovery of disease. Therefore, the current research aimed to discuss the most common antibiotics misuse. Subject of study are included the patients in Al-Sader teaching city, private pharmacy. The data are collected including indication of drug, duration, daily dose, and convenience of pharmacist. Also, misuses are classified according to suggested classification such as, prescribing faults, prescribing errors, and medication errors. The statistical analysis carried out using chi-X2 test to evaluate the relationship between collective data. The patients are classified according to their ages (<45, and > 45) years and sexes.  

 It was indicated there is a strong (x2 = 4.99, p<0.05), (x2= 4.5, p< 0.05) between indication and both duration and daily dose. Also, it was found pharmacist advice effect strongly on both duration and daily dose (x2= 21.55, p<0.001), (x2= 5.91, p<0.05). Moreover, the types of misuse are impacted drug duration (x2= 7.40, p<0.05), (x2= 5.87, p<0.05) in both of single and combined dose. The prevalence of Amoxil disturbance in consultant unit, while ceftrixone was more type in the admitted patients.


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How to Cite
Meison Abdulbary, Suaad Lateef Ibrahim, Maryam Haydar, Zainab Hadi, Noor Ali, & Enass Abd Muslim. (2020). Study the Antibiotic Misuse by People in Al-Najaf City. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 7(6), 195-199.