Environmental Measurement of Sediment Pollution Level in Rivers

  • Dr. Hanumant Singh Chouhan Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry, S.M.C.C. Govt. College, Aburoad- 307026, Rajasthan, INDIA
Keywords: Heavy metals (Ca, Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni), Indian River, Pollution, Sedimentation, Water


The concentration of heavy metals (Ca, Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni) in the Indian River sediments was investigated in this report. Six water and sediment samples were taken from the river following library experiments and field studies in order to determine heavy metal pollution in sediments. The 5-step method for chemical separation has been used to determine the geochemical phases of metals in sediment samples. Geochemical tests such as enriched factor (EF) and enriched factor (EF) are used for objective measurement of the severity of pollution in the sediments. An index of accumulation (Igeo) was used. Statistical studies including approaches such as the study of the association analysis cluster (CA) were also carried out. The findings of the studies revealed that the accumulated organic matter ranges between 1.90 percent and 3.40 percent with an average of 2.50. The samples revealed that at all sampling stages, the concentrations of metals such as calcium, iron, anganese, copper and nickel were below the global average, while the concentration of copper was marginally above the global average. The enriched factor (EF) was determined for the elements revealed to be labelled as non-infected by heavy metals. The Geo-accumulation Index showed that there were uninfected peers of the studied elements. It was concluded, based on the findings of multivariate statistical analysis, that metals such as manganese, copper, iron, nickel and zinc are largely natural and that calcium metals are likely to be of organic origin.


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How to Cite
Dr. Hanumant Singh Chouhan. (2018). Environmental Measurement of Sediment Pollution Level in Rivers. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 5(1), 14-21. Retrieved from https://www.ijrasb.com/ojs/index.php/ojs-ijrasb/article/view/223