The Importance and Role of Calcium on the Growth and Development of Children and Its Complications
Calcium (Ca) is one of the most important mineral components of food, which is used to build and maintain the skeletal structure of the body. Calcium is the most important mineral in the body. About 99% of the body's calcium is found in bone and teeth, along with phosphorus and the rest in soft tissue and extracellular fluid. Calcium is involved in the human body for activities such as bone and tooth building, blood clotting, muscle contraction, nerve conduction, and cell metabolism.
Calcium deficiency in children leads to physical and mental developmental disorders and the development of osteoporosis called Rashitisme. This condition causes abnormal bones, large joints, and difficulty moving. In adults, calcium deficiency causes osteomalacia, which results in decreased calcium density in the bones, resulting in hollow and brittle bones.
Calcium deficiency is often associated with vitamin D deficiency, which leads to problems with bone mineralization and severe muscle cramps. The aim of this study was that calcium plays an important role in the human body for activities such as bone and tooth building, blood coagulation, muscle contraction, nerve conduction, and cell metabolism.
The results of this study showed that calcium is the cause of bone strength. There should be enough calcium in the diet of children before adulthood so that the bones are properly compacted and adults do not develop osteoporosis. There is the research method in this article is in the style of a library and a new scientific barrier has been written and the importance of the role of calcium in the body and the effects of its deficiency on the growth and development of children have been studied.
Anwar, Mohammad Afzal (1391). General histology. Kabul: Departing Publications.
Khaghani, Shahnaz. (1388). Biochemistry of nutrition and diet. Iran: University of Tehran Press.
Khaleqi, Kazem. (2014). Nutrition knowledge. Tehran: Zarqalam Publications.
Khavarin, arrested slave. (1390). Human Anatomy and Physiology. Afghanistan: Kabul University of Education Press.
Knowledge, guidance of God (1394). Anatomy and physiology. Kabul: Eastern Civilization Publications.
Agriculture, Ali. (1390). Principles of nutrition. Iran. Tehran University of Medical Sciences Publications.
Nasimi, Mohammad Taher. 1391). Human Anatomy and Physiology. Afghanistan: Balkh University Faculty of Medicine Publications.
Akbarzadeh Pasha, Hojjatullah. (1385). Basic and applied anatomy and physiology. Tehran: Pasha Publishing Center Publications.
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.