The Importance and Role of Calcium on the Growth and Development of Children and Its Complications

  • Shima Raskh Department of Biology, Education Faculty, Faryb University, Faryab, AFGHANISTAN
Keywords: Rickets, Osteomalacia, Mineralization, Minerals, Collagen, Perichondrium

Abstract

Calcium (Ca) is one of the most important mineral components of food, which is used to build and maintain the skeletal structure of the body. Calcium is the most important mineral in the body. About 99% of the body's calcium is found in bone and teeth, along with phosphorus and the rest in soft tissue and extracellular fluid. Calcium is involved in the human body for activities such as bone and tooth building, blood clotting, muscle contraction, nerve conduction, and cell metabolism.

Calcium deficiency in children leads to physical and mental developmental disorders and the development of osteoporosis called Rashitisme. This condition causes abnormal bones, large joints, and difficulty moving. In adults, calcium deficiency causes osteomalacia, which results in decreased calcium density in the bones, resulting in hollow and brittle bones.

Calcium deficiency is often associated with vitamin D deficiency, which leads to problems with bone mineralization and severe muscle cramps. The aim of this study was that calcium plays an important role in the human body for activities such as bone and tooth building, blood coagulation, muscle contraction, nerve conduction, and cell metabolism.

The results of this study showed that calcium is the cause of bone strength. There should be enough calcium in the diet of children before adulthood so that the bones are properly compacted and adults do not develop osteoporosis. There is the research method in this article is in the style of a library and a new scientific barrier has been written and the importance of the role of calcium in the body and the effects of its deficiency on the growth and development of children have been studied.

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Published
2020-11-28
How to Cite
Shima Raskh. (2020). The Importance and Role of Calcium on the Growth and Development of Children and Its Complications. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 7(6), 162-167. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijrasb.7.6.24