Economic Security Assessment of Ma-ayon, Capiz, Philippines during COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Enrique E. Biñas, Jr. College of Agriculture and Forestry, Jose Rizal Memorial State University-Tampilisan Campus, Znac, Tampilisan, Zamboanga del Norte, PHILIPPINES
Keywords: COVID-19 Pandemic, Economic security, Municipality of Ma-ayon, Capiz, Livelihoods, Nutrition


This study assesses the economic security of the Municipality of Ma-ayon, Capiz, Philippines, in terms of livelihood, production, income, market accessibility, and health to determine the extent of the consequence of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) on the residents. The study evaluates the responses provided by the government, private nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs). Residents’ strategies to cope with the pandemic were also determined. Results showed that families received cash and food assistance from the local government and other concerned INGOs, which was given to augment the expenses for food, and health. The families also coped with the food shortage by minimizing the number of daily meals and by replacing rice in meals with vegetables and root crops.


Download data is not yet available.


Bayod, R. P., Forosuelo, E. J. D., & Sanchez, M. E. S. (2020). People’s ethics and responsibilities during the pandemic: stories and experiences of recipients of social amelioration program (SAP) of Digos City. Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics, 30(6), 320.

Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.

Dariagan, J. D., Atando, R. B., & Asis, J. L. B. (2020). Disaster preparedness of local governments in Panay Island, Philippines. Natural Hazards.

Harris, J., Depenbusch, L., Pal, A. A., Nair, R. M., & Ramasamy, S. (2020). Food system disruption: Initial livelihood and dietary effects of COVID-19 on vegetable producers in India. Food Security, 12(4), 841–851.

Lal, R. (2020). Home gardening and urban agriculture for advancing food and nutritional security in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Food Security, 12(4), 871–876.

Ong, M. M., Ong, R. M., Reyes, G. K., & Sumpaico-Tanchanco, L. B. (2020). Addressing the COVID-19 Nutrition Crisis in Vulnerable Communities: Applying a Primary Care Perspective. Journal of Primary Care & Community Health, 11, 215013272094695.

Wolfson, J. A., & Leung, C. W. (2020). Food Insecurity During COVID-19: An Acute Crisis With Long-Term Health Implications. American Journal of Public Health, 110(12), 1763–1765.

World Health Organization. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 on peoples livelihoods, their health and our food systems 2020. Retrieved from Impact of COVID-19 on people's livelihoods, their health and our food systems (

How to Cite
Enrique E. Biñas, Jr. (2020). Economic Security Assessment of Ma-ayon, Capiz, Philippines during COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 7(6), 159-161.