Perceptions of the Role of Internet Use on Sexual Health among Young People in Kathmandu, Nepal

  • Surendra Kumar Bohara
  • Raj Kumar Subedi
  • Tikeshwori Bohara
  • Kanchan Karki
Keywords: Interneting behavior, internet and pornography, Sexual behavior, Social media, Young people


The reorganization of sexuality and sexual interests among young people have largely been shaped by changing communication media, particularly, Internet. This article aimed to describe sexual behaviors and the perceived role of internet use on such sexual behaviors among young people in Kathmandu. Study was undertaken using mixed method with cross-sectional descriptive design among randomly selected 423 young people (age: 15-24 years) from 42 different colleges in Kathmandu. Self-administered questionnaire was employed for data collection. Chi-square test was carried in SPSS v.22. Internet accessibility was found among 92.3%of respondents with the mean±SD of 19.44±2.29 years. Sexual behaviors, undertaken in this study, were revealed mostly by male respondents, increasing proportion with higher education level. The porn videos, followed by social media were found the main sources in such sexual behaviors. The interaction between internet access and sexual intercourse was found insignificant (p-0.534); however, various statements related to attitudes towards negative role of internet were responded in higher proportion. Role of Internet use was found significantly changing the perceptions towards sexual behaviors of young people. Around 42.14% youths agreed with the negative effects of internet use in their sexual matters; thereby, feel vulnerable to its use. Internet has become platform for misguiding sexual behaviors of youths at large. Thus, to encourage the young people’s internet safety and sexual well-being, there is a need to have proper guidance through complex analytical and experimental modules.


Download data is not yet available.


1] Fortenberry, J. D. (2013). Sexual Development in Adolescents. In Handbook of Child and Adolescent Sexuality (pp. 171–192). Elsevier.
[2] WHO. Defining Sexual Health: Report of a Technical Consultation on Sexual Heath 28-31 January 2002, Geneva. Geneva2006.
[3] Glasier A, Gülmezoglu AM, Schmid GP, Moreno CG, Look PFV. Sexual and Reproductive Health:a Matter of Life and Death. The Lancet Sexual and Reproductive Health Series. 2006.
[4] Byron, P., Albury, K., & Evers, C. (2013). “It would be weird to have that on Facebook”: Young people’s use of social media and the risk of sharing sexual health information. Reproductive Health Matters, 21(41), 35–44.
[5] Wellings, K., Collumbien, M., Slaymaker, E., Singh, S., Hodges, Z., Patel, D., & Bajos, N. (2006). Sexual behaviour in context: a global perspective. Lancet (London, England), 368(9548), 1706–1728.
[6] Jones, L. M., Mitchell, K. J., & Finkelhor, D. (2012). Trends in Youth Internet Victimization: Findings From Three Youth Internet Safety Surveys 2000–2010. Journal of Adolescent Health, 50(2), 179–186.
[7] Allison, S., Bauermeister, J. A., Bull, S., Lightfoot, M., Mustanski, B., Shegog, R., & Levine, D. (2012). The Intersection of Youth, Technology, and New Media with Sexual Health: Moving the Research Agenda Forward. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51(3), 207–212.
[8] Wood, P. L. (2012). Teenage Sexuality in Different Cultures. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 25(4), 228–232.
[9] Gebremeskel, R. H., Sessoms, K., Krehnbrink, M., Haney, C. J., & Coyne-Beasley, T. (2014). Social media use and adolescent risk taking behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54(2), S46-S47. Available at:
[10] Parkes, A., Wight, D., Hunt, K., Henderson, M., & Sargent, J. (2013). Are sexual media exposure, parental restrictions on media use and co-viewing TV and DVDs with parents and friends associated with teenagers’ early sexual behaviour? Journal of Adolescence, 36(6), 1121–1133.
[11] Brown, Janet M. (2008). The Enemy in the Screen: a Collective Case Study on Perpetrators of Internet Crimes Against Children. Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 133.
[12] Pathak, R. S., & Pokharel, T. (2012). Sexual and reproductive health status of adolescents and youth in Nepal. Nepal Population Journal, 17(16), 131-133.
[13] Khatiwada N, Silwal PR, Bhadra DR, Tamang TM. (2013). Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents and Youth in Nepal: Trends and Determinants. Further Analysis of the 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey. Calverton, Maryland, USA: Nepal Ministry of Health and Population, New Era, and ICF International.
[14] CBS. National Population and Housing Census 2011. Kathmandu, Nepal: ; November, 2012 2012. Available at:
[15] MOHP. Nepal Adolescent and Youth Survey 2010/11. Kathmandu: Population Division; 2011. Available at:
[16] Rijal NP. Media Development in Nepal since 1990: Challenges and Central Role of Regulation and Reform. Melbourne2014. Available at:
[17] Aryal RH, Adhikari UP. Adolescents and Youths in Nepal. 2001. Available at:
[18] Paudel, D. R. (2013). Attitude on premarital sex, marriage and family size among adolescents in Pokhara valley. Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 3(1), 60-63. Available at:
[19] Wolak, J., Finkelhor, D., & Mitchell, K. (2004). Internet-initiated sex crimes against minors: Implications for prevention based on findings from a national study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 35(5), 424.e11-424.e20.
[20] Pfeiffer, C., Kleeb, M., Mbelwa, A., & Ahorlu, C. (2014). The use of social media among adolescents in Dar es Salaam and Mtwara, Tanzania. Reproductive Health Matters, 22(43), 178–186.
[21] Harbaugh ER. (2010). The Effect of Personality Styles (Level of Introversion-Extroversion) on Social Media Use. The Elon Journal of Undergraduate Research in Communication, 1(2), 70-86. Available at:
[22] Suris, J. C., Akre, C., Ambresin, A.-E., Berchtold, A., Piguet, C., & Zimmermann, G. (2014). Characteristics of Young Adolescents Accessing Pornography Online. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54(2), S46.
[23] Ali U. (2014). Research on Negative Effects of Using Social Media. Available at:
[24] Carroll JA, Kirkpatrick RL. (2011). Impact of Social Media on Adolescent Behavioral Health in California. California Adolescent Health Collaborative. Available at:
[25] O’Keeffe, G. S., Clarke-Pearson, K., & Council on Communications and Media. (2011). The Impact of Social Media on Children, Adolescents, and Families. PEDIATRICS, 127(4), 800–804.
How to Cite
Surendra Kumar Bohara, Raj Kumar Subedi, Tikeshwori Bohara, & Kanchan Karki. (2020). Perceptions of the Role of Internet Use on Sexual Health among Young People in Kathmandu, Nepal. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 7(6), 19-25.