A Review on Effect of Establishment Methods on Growth, Yield and Yield Attributes of Rice and on Succeeding Crops after Rice
Rice is cultivated mainly by the transplanting in the puddled soil in the Asian region and in the Nepal. Puddling breakdown the soil structure and it requires more labor for transplanting, more water for field preparation and it emits more methane gas, which contributes global warming. To overcome these drawbacks, direct seeding of rice (DSR) is being popular among the farmers for the cultivation of rice. DSR had more water and labor use efficiencies and the maturity of the rice is also earlier as compared to transplanting methods. There is also increase in the intensification of crops, reduction in the global warming and the yield of succeeding crops after rice is also increased due to less soil destruction in the dry direct seeding of rice. The growth, yield and yield attributes of rice are also similar and better in DSR. So, DSR could be recommended for the cultivation of rice to increase labor and water use efficiencies, reduced global warming, increase the yield of succeeding crops and finally increase the profitability of the farmers.
Akhgari, H. & Kaviani, B. (2011). Assessment of direct seeded and transplanting methods of rice cultivars in the northern part of Iran. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(31): 6492-6499. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR11.973
Ali, R. I., Awan, T. H., Ahmad, M. M., Saleem, U. & Akhtar, M. (2012). Diversification of rice-based cropping systems to improve soil fertility, sustainable productivity and economics. J. Animal & Plant Sciences, 22(1), 108-112.
Angás, P., Lampurlanés, J. & Cantero-Martínez, C. (2006). Tillage and N fertilization: effects on N dynamics and barley yield under semiarid Mediterranean conditions. Soil and Tillage Research, 87(1): 59-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2005.02.036
Awan, T. H., Ali, I., Safdar, M. E., Ashraf, M. M. & Yaqub, M. (2007). Economic effect of different establishment techniques on rice, Oryza sativa production. J. Agric. Res., 45(1), 73-80.
Bajpai, R. K., & Tripathi, R. P. (2000). Evaluation of non-puddling under shallow water tables and alternative tillage methods on soil and crop parameters in a rice–wheat system in Uttar Pradesh. Soil and Tillage Research, 55(1–2), 99–106. doi: 10.1016/S0167-1987(00)00111-2
Balasubramanian, V. & Hill, J. E. (2002). Direct seeding of rice in Asia: emerging issues and strategic research needs for the 21st century. Direct seeding: Research strategies and opportunities, 15-39.
Bastola, A., Karki, T., Marahatta, S., & Amgai, L. P. (2020). Tillage, Crop Residue and Nitrogen Management Effects on Nitrogen Uptake, Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Yield of Rice. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 8(3), 610-615. https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v8i3.610-615.3068
Bhattacharyya, R., Prakash, V., Kundu, S., & Gupta, H. S. (2006). Effect of tillage and crop rotations on pore size distribution and soil hydraulic conductivity in sandy clay loam soil of the Indian Himalayas. Soil and Tillage Research, 86(2), 129–140. doi:10.1016/j.still.2005.02.018
Bhushan, L., Ladha, J. K., Gupta, R. K., Singh, S., Tirol-Padre, A., Saharawat, Y. S., Gathala, M., & Pathak, H. (2007). Saving of Water and Labor in a Rice-Wheat System with No-Tillage and Direct Seeding Technologies. Agronomy Journal, 99(5), 1288–1296. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2006.0227
Boomsma, C. R., Santini, J. B., West, T. D., Brewer, J. C., McIntyre, L. M., & Vyn, T. J. (2010). Maize grain yield responses to plant height variability resulting from crop rotation and tillage system in a long-term experiment. Soil and Tillage Research, 106(2), 227–240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2009.12.006
Chen, S., Zhang, X., Zhang, G., Wang, D. & Xu, C. (2012). Grain yield and dry matter accumulation response to enhanced panicle nitrogen application under different planting methods (Oryza sativa L.) AJCS, 6(12): 1630-1636.
De Datta, S. K. (1981). Principles and practices of rice production. International Rice Research Institute.
Derpsch, R. (2005). The extent of conservation agriculture adoption worldwide – Implications and impacts. Third World Congress on Conservation Agriculture: Linking Livelihoods and Conservation. Nairobi. October 3-7, 2005.
Deubel, A., Hofmann, B., & Orzessek, D. (2011). Long-term effects of tillage on stratification and plant availability of phosphate and potassium in a loess chernozem. Soil and Tillage Research, 117, 85–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2011.09.001
Dev, D., Singh, S. P. & Kumar, R. (2013). Weed management studies in wheat (Triticum aestivum) with herbicides under different establishment methods. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 58(2), 215-219.
Devkota, K. P., Lamers, J. P. A., Manschadi, A. M., Devkota, M., McDonald, A. J., & Vlek, P. L. G. (2015). Comparative advantages of conservation agriculture based rice–wheat rotation systems under water and salt dynamics typical for the irrigated arid drylands in Central Asia. European Journal of Agronomy, 62, 98–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2014.10.002
Dingkuhn, M., Schnier, H., Datta, S., Wijangco, E., & Dorffling, K. (1990). Diurnal and Developmental Changes in Canopy Gas Exchange in Relation to Growth in Transplanted and Direct-Seeded Flooded Rice. Functional Plant Biology, 17(2), 119-134. https://doi.org/10.1071/PP9900119
Fairhurst, T., & Dobermann, A. (2002). Rice in the global food supply. World, 5(7,502), 349-511.
FAOSTAT. (2017). World food situation. Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations.
Farooq, M., Basra, S. M. A., & Ahmad, N. (2007). Improving the performance of transplanted rice by seed priming. Plant Growth Regulation, 51(2), 129–137. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-006-9155-x
Gangwar, K. S., Chaudhary, V. P., Gangwar, B. & Pandey, D. K. (2009). Effect of crop establishment and tillage practices in rice (Oryza sativa)-based cropping systems. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 79(5), 334-339.
Gardner-Outlaw, T. & Engelman, R. (1997). Sustaining Water. Easing Scarcity: A Second Update, Population Action International, Washington DC, US.
Ghildyal, B. P. (1978). Effects of compaction and puddling on soil physical properties and rice growth. Soils and rice, 316-336.
Ginigaddara, G. A. S. & Ranamukhaarachchi, S. L. (2009). Effect of conventional, SRI and modified water management on growth, yield and water productivity of direct-seeded and transplanted rice in central Thailand. Aust. J. Crop Sci., 3(5), 278-286.
Govaerts, B., Sayre, K. D., Lichter, K., Dendooven, L., & Deckers, J. (2007). Influence of permanent raised bed planting and residue management on physical and chemical soil quality in rain fed maize/wheat systems. Plant and Soil, 291(1–2), 39–54. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-006-9172-6
Gupta, R. K., Naresh, R. K., Hobbs, P. R., Jiaguo, Z., & Ladha, J. K. (2015). Sustainability of Post-Green Revolution Agriculture: The Rice-Wheat Cropping Systems of the Indo-Gangetic Plains and China. In J. K. Ladha, J. E. Hill, J. M. Duxbury, R. K. Gupta, & R. J. Buresh (Eds.), ASA Special Publications (pp. 1–25). American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America. https://doi.org/10.2134/asaspecpub65.c1
Pandey, S., Mortimer, M., Wade, L., Tuong, T. P., Lopez, K., Hardy, B., Pandey, S., Mortimer, M., Wade, L., Tuong, T. P., Lopez, K., & Hardy, B. (2002). Impact of direct seeding on rice cultivation: Lessons from the Muda area of Malaysia, In: Direct Seeding: Research Strategies and Opportunities. https://doi.org/10.22004/AG.ECON.281820
Jat, R. K., Sapkota, T. B., Singh, R. G., Jat, M. L., Kumar, M., & Gupta, R. K. (2014). Seven years of conservation agriculture in a rice–wheat rotation of Eastern Gangetic Plains of South Asia: Yield trends and economic profitability. Field Crops Research, 164, 199–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2014.04.015
Jehangir, W.A., Masih, I., Ahmed, S., Gill, M. A., Ahmad, M., Mann, R. A., Chaudhary M. R. & Turral, H. (2005). Sustaining crop water productivity in rice–wheat systems of South Asia: a case study from Punjab Pakistan. Working Paper 115, International Water Management Institute, Lahore, Pakistan.
Ko, J. Y. & Kang, H. W. (2000). The effects of cultural practices on methane emission from rice fields. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 58(1/3), 311–314. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009867208059
Kumar, V., & Ladha, J. K. (2011). Direct Seeding of Rice. In Advances in Agronomy (Vol. 111, pp. 297–413). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-387689-8.00001-1
Laary, J. K, Dogbe, W., Boamah, P. O. & Agawini, J. (2012). Evaluation of planting methods for growth and yield of “digang” rice (Oryza sativa L.) Under upland condition of Bawku, upper east region, Ghana. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 7(10), 814-819.
Mabbayad, B. B. & Buencosa, I. A. (1967). Tests on minimal tillage of transplanted rice. Philipp Agric., 51, 541-551.
Maqsood, M. (1998). Growth and yield of rice and wheat as influenced by different planting methods and nitrogen levels in rice wheat cropping system. Ph.D. Thesis, Deptt. Agron, Univ. Agric., Faisalabad.
Martinrueda, I., Munozguerra, L., Yunta, F., Esteban, E., Tenorio, J., & Lucena, J. (2007). Tillage and crop rotation effects on barley yield and soil nutrients on a Calciortidic Haploxeralf. Soil and Tillage Research, 92(1–2), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2005.10.006
MoALD (2020). Statistical information on Nepalese Agriculture 2018/19. Kathmandu, Nepal: Planning and Development Cooperation Coordination Division, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development.
Naklang, K., Shu, F., & Nathabut, K. (1996). Growth of rice cultivars by direct seeding and transplanting under upland and lowland conditions. Field Crops Research, 48(2–3), 115–123. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(96)01029-5
Naresh, R. K., Singh, S. P. & Kumar, V. (2013). Crop establishment, tillage and water management technologies on crop and water productivity in rice-wheat cropping system of North West India. Int. J. Life Sci. Bt. Pharm. Res, 2(3), 237-248.
Oussible, M., Crookston, R. K., & Larson, W. E. (1992). Subsurface Compaction Reduces the Root and Shoot Growth and Grain Yield of Wheat. Agronomy Journal, 84(1), 34–38. doi: 10.2134/agronj1992.00021962008400010008x
Oyediran, I. O., & Heinrichs, E. A. (2001). Arthropod populations and rice yields in direct-seeded and transplanted lowland rice in West Africa. International Journal of Pest Management, 47(3), 195–200. https://doi.org/10.1080/09670870010018896
Pandey, S. & Velasco, L. (2002). Economics of direct seeding in Asia: patterns of adoption and research priorities.In S. Pandey, M. Mortimer, L. Wade, T.P .Tuong, K. Lopez & B. Hardy (Eds.), Direct seeding: research strategies and opportunities. Philippines, International Rice Research Institute.
Pandey, S. & Velasco, L. E. (1999). Economics of direct seeding in Asia: patterns of adaptation and research priorities. Int. Rice Res. Notes, 24, 6–11.
Pathak, H., Saharawat, Y. S., Gathala, M. K., Mohanty, S. & Ladha, J. K. (2009). In J. K. Ladha, Y. Singh, O. Erenstein & B. Hardy (eds). Simulating environmental impact of resource-conserving technologies in the rice wheat system of the indo-gangetic plains. Philippines, International Rice Research Institute.
Patil, S. G., Aladakatti, Y. R., Channagoudar, R. F., Hanamaratti, N. G., Gupta, R. K. & Ladha, J. K. (2007). Zero-tillage: an effective resource conserving technology for sustainable direct seeded rice production in Karnataka. In: International Conference on 21st Century Challenges to Sustainable Agri-Food system, Chengappa, P. G., N. Nagaraj and R. Kanwa (eds.). I. K. International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd. pp.88-99.
Qureshi, A.S., Masih, I. & Turral, H. (2006). Comparing land and water productivities of transplanted and direct dry seeded rice for Pakistani Punjab. J. Appl. Irrig. Sci., 41, 47–60.
Sah, G., Bhurer, K.P., Upadhyay, I.P., Ansar, N., Chaudhary, D., Karna, P.L., Adhikari, S.K. , Erenstein, O. & Justice, S. (2007). On-farm Performance Evaluation of Aerobic Rice Technologies and Its Impact. National Summer Crops Workshop.
Schnier, H. F., Dingkuhn, M., De Datta, S. K., Mengel, K., & Faronilo, J. E. (1990). Nitrogen Fertilization of Direct‐Seeded Flooded vs. Transplanted Rice: I. Nitrogen Uptake, Photosynthesis, Growth, and Yield. Crop Science, 30(6), 1276–1284. doi: 10.2135/cropsci1990.0011183X003000060024x
Sharma, A.R. & Ghosh, A. (2000). Effect of green manuring with Sesbania aculeata and nitrogen fertilization on the performance of direct-seeded flood-prone lowland rice. Nut. Cycl. Agroecosys., 57(2), 141–153. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009863100224
Sharma, P. K., De Datta, S. K., & Redulla, C. A. (1988). Tillage Effects on Soil Physical Properties and Wetland Rice Yield. Agronomy Journal, 80(1), 34–39. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1988.00021962008000010008x
Singh, S., Sharma, S. N., & Prasad, R. (2001). The effect of seeding and tillage methods on productivity of rice–wheat cropping system. Soil and Tillage Research, 61(3–4), 125–131. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(00)00188-4
Singh, B., & Malhi, S. S. (2006). Response of soil physical properties to tillage and residue management on two soils in a cool temperate environment. Soil and Tillage Research, 85(1–2), 143–153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2004.12.005
Singh, S. K., Bharadwaj, V., Thakur, T. C., Pachauri, S. P., Singh, P. P. & Mishra, A. K. (2009). Influence of crop establishment methods on methane emission from rice fields. Current Science, 97(1), 84-89.
Yadvinder-Singh, Bijay-Singh, Ladha, J. K., Khind, C. S., Gupta, R. K., Meelu, O. P., & Pasuquin, E. (2004). Long-Term Effects of Organic Inputs on Yield and Soil Fertility in the Rice–Wheat Rotation. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 68(3), 845–853. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2004.8450
Timsina, J., Jat, M. L., & Majumdar, K. (2010). Rice-maize systems of South Asia: Current status, future prospects and research priorities for nutrient management. Plant and Soil, 335(1–2), 65–82. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-010-0418-y
 Tomar, R. K., Gangwar, K. S., Singh, D., Garg, R. N., Dwivedi, B. S., Gupta, V. K., Sahoo, R. N., Chakraborty, D. & Moharir, A. V. (2005). Effect of tillage systems and moisture regimes on weed growth and productivity of rice-wheat sequence in Inceptisols of Trans Indo-Gangetic Plains. Ann. Plant Prot. Sci., 13, 205–211.
Tuong, T. P., Pablico, P. P., Yamauchi, M., Confesor, R., & Moody, K. (2000). Increasing water productivity and weed suppression of wet seeded rice: effect of water management and rice genotypes. Experimental Agriculture, 36(1), 71–89. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479700361099
Weerakoon, W. M. W., Mutunayake, M. M. P., Bandara, C., Rao, A. N., Bhandari, D. C., & Ladha, J. K. (2011). Direct-seeded rice culture in Sri Lanka: Lessons from farmers. Field Crops Research, 121(1), 53–63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2010.11.009
Zwart, S. J., & Bastiaanssen, W. G. M. (2004). Review of measured crop water productivity values for irrigated wheat, rice, cotton and maize. Agricultural Water Management, 69(2), 115–133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2004.04.007
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.