Bio-Efficacy of Caterpilin (Bacillus thuringiensis var-ukrstati) Against Pod Borer (Helicoverpa armigera) Infesting Pigeon Pea
The pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) is a key Lepidoptera pest of pigeon pea in Maharashtra and Karnataka state. Bio-efficacy of Caterpilin (Bacillus thuringiensis i.e.Bt) alongwith chemical insecticides was evaluated against pod borer during kharif season at University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad. Results compiled revealed that Pop (Chemical insecticide) + Caterpilin (Bt) @ 1.0 g/L treatment to be more promising in controlling larval population of pod borer over control during first spray (49.13 to 66.84%), second spray (48.97 to 59.68%) and third spray (43.33 to 63.98%). Similarly, the above treatment recorded maximum reduction in pod damage (49.54%) and seed damage (50.52%) with increase in yield upto 96.21% over control and 30.44% over chemical (Pop) treatment. Similarly, spraying of Caterpilin (Bt.) did not show any phytotoxic effect on pigeonpea crop.
Anonymous. (2012). Area production and yield of principal crops. Agricultural statistics at a glance. 88-90.
Bhushan S. Bath, P. (2006). Effect of certain insecticides against pod borer complex infesting pitgeonpea grown under different cropping pattern. J. Exp. Zool., 9(2), 305-309.
Frankenhuyzen, V. K. (1993). The challenge of Bacillus thuringiensis. In: Bacillus thuringiensis, an Environmental Biopesticide: Theory and Practice (Entwistle PF, Cory JS, Bailey MJ, Higgs S.ed) New York; Wiley. pp. 1-35.
FrankenhuyzenV. K. (1995). The development of Bacillus thwringiensis for control of spruce budworm Choristoneurafumiferana, in Canada. In Bacillus thuringenesis. Biotechnology and environmental Benefits (Feng JY, ed) Thaipei Taiwan: Hua Shiang Yuan. pp. 405-423.
Kranthi, K. R., Jadhav, D. R., Kranthi, S., Wanjari, R. R., Ali, S. S., & Russell, D. A. (2002). Insecticide resistance in five major insect pests of cotton in India. Crop Protection, 21(6), 449–460. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-2194(01)00131-4
Mohapatra, S.D., Srivastava,C.P. (2002)Bioefficacy of chemical and biorational insecticides against incidence of legume pod borer, Marucavitrata (Geyer) in short duration pigeon pea. Indian J. Plant Prof. 30(1), 22-25.
Manjula, K. Padmavathamma, K. (1996). Effect of microbial insecticides on the control of Marucatestulalis and on the predators of redgram pest complex. Entomon, 21(3/4), 269-271.
P. Nahar, P. Yadav, M. Kulye, A. Hadapad, M. Hassani, U. Tuort, S. Keller, A. G. Chandele, B. Thomas, & M. V. Deshpande. (2004). Evaluation of Indigenous Fungal Isolates, Metarhizium anisopliae M34412, Beauveria bassiana B3301 and Nonluraea rileyi N812 for the Control of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) in Pigeonpea Field. J. Biol. Control, 18(1), 1-7.
Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme, P.V. (1967). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers, ICAR, New Delhi. pp. 137-167.
Patel, S.A., B.C. Patel, P.S. Patel, and J.B. Trivedi. (2015). Evaluation of newer molecules against pod borer complex of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) millspaugh. Int. J. Agril. Sci., 7(7), 587-590.
Reddy, C.N. Singh, Y. Singh, P.D. (2001). Bioefficacy of insecticides, biopesticides and their combinations against pod borers in pigeon pea. Indian J. Entomol, 63(2), 137-143.
Reed, W., Lateef, S. S. (1990). Pigeon pea: Pest Management. In: The Pigeon pea (Nene YL, Hall SD, Sheila VK, ed). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. pp. 349-374.
Sharma H.C. (2005). Heliothis/Helicoverpa Management: Emerging Trends and Strategies for Future Research. New Delhi, India: Oxford and IBH Publishers. pp. 469.
Shanower, T. G., Romeis, J., & Minja, E. M. (1999). Insect pests of pigeonpea and their management. Annual Review of Entomology, 44(1), 77–96. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.44.1.77
Sunil Kumar, Singh, B. and Akhauri, R.K. (2004). Efficacy of some biorational insecticides on larval population of gram podborer on pigeon pea. Legume Research-An International Journal, 27, 62-65.
Sunitha, V., Lakshmi, K.V., & Rao, G.V. (2008). Laboratory evaluation of certain insecticides against pigeonpea pod borer, Maruca vitrata Geyer. Journal of Food Legumes, 21(2), 137-139.
Thakre, S.M., Katole, S.R. and Sarode, S.V. (2003). Management of podborer complex of pigeon pea with botanicals and microbials. Journal of Applied and Zoological Research, 14, 72-75.
Thilagam, P., Kennedy, J. S. (2007). Evaluation of Bacillus thuringiensis (Spic-Bio Reg.) against pod borer complex of pigeon pea. J. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Monitor, 17(3), 275-280.
Tavaragondi V and S. Murali (2014) Different Bt formulations against pod borer complex in pigeon pea ecosystem. Jour Biopest, 7(1), 15-17.
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.