Bio-Efficacy of Caterpilin (Bacillus thuringiensis var-ukrstati) Against Pod Borer (Helicoverpa armigera) Infesting Pigeon Pea

  • Sandeepa Kanitkar
  • V. M. Raut
  • R. K. Patil
  • Medha Kulkarni
  • Meghraj Kadam Kan Biosys, Pune
Keywords: Piogenonpea, Cajanus cajan, Bt, Bacillus thuringiensis, Pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera, Yield


The pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) is a key Lepidoptera pest of pigeon pea in Maharashtra and Karnataka state. Bio-efficacy of Caterpilin (Bacillus thuringiensis i.e.Bt) alongwith chemical insecticides was evaluated against pod borer during kharif season at University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad. Results compiled revealed that Pop (Chemical insecticide) + Caterpilin (Bt) @ 1.0 g/L treatment to be more promising in controlling larval population of pod borer over control during first spray (49.13 to 66.84%), second spray (48.97 to 59.68%) and third spray (43.33 to 63.98%). Similarly, the above treatment recorded maximum reduction in pod damage (49.54%) and seed damage (50.52%) with increase in yield upto 96.21% over control and 30.44% over chemical (Pop) treatment. Similarly, spraying of Caterpilin (Bt.) did not show any phytotoxic effect on pigeonpea crop.


Download data is not yet available.


Anonymous. (2012). Area production and yield of principal crops. Agricultural statistics at a glance. 88-90.

Bhushan S. Bath, P. (2006). Effect of certain insecticides against pod borer complex infesting pitgeonpea grown under different cropping pattern. J. Exp. Zool., 9(2), 305-309.

Frankenhuyzen, V. K. (1993). The challenge of Bacillus thuringiensis. In: Bacillus thuringiensis, an Environmental Biopesticide: Theory and Practice (Entwistle PF, Cory JS, Bailey MJ, Higgs S.ed) New York; Wiley. pp. 1-35.

FrankenhuyzenV. K. (1995). The development of Bacillus thwringiensis for control of spruce budworm Choristoneurafumiferana, in Canada. In Bacillus thuringenesis. Biotechnology and environmental Benefits (Feng JY, ed) Thaipei Taiwan: Hua Shiang Yuan. pp. 405-423.

Kranthi, K. R., Jadhav, D. R., Kranthi, S., Wanjari, R. R., Ali, S. S., & Russell, D. A. (2002). Insecticide resistance in five major insect pests of cotton in India. Crop Protection, 21(6), 449–460.

Mohapatra, S.D., Srivastava,C.P. (2002)Bioefficacy of chemical and biorational insecticides against incidence of legume pod borer, Marucavitrata (Geyer) in short duration pigeon pea. Indian J. Plant Prof. 30(1), 22-25.

Manjula, K. Padmavathamma, K. (1996). Effect of microbial insecticides on the control of Marucatestulalis and on the predators of redgram pest complex. Entomon, 21(3/4), 269-271.

P. Nahar, P. Yadav, M. Kulye, A. Hadapad, M. Hassani, U. Tuort, S. Keller, A. G. Chandele, B. Thomas, & M. V. Deshpande. (2004). Evaluation of Indigenous Fungal Isolates, Metarhizium anisopliae M34412, Beauveria bassiana B3301 and Nonluraea rileyi N812 for the Control of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) in Pigeonpea Field. J. Biol. Control, 18(1), 1-7.

Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme, P.V. (1967). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers, ICAR, New Delhi. pp. 137-167.

Patel, S.A., B.C. Patel, P.S. Patel, and J.B. Trivedi. (2015). Evaluation of newer molecules against pod borer complex of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) millspaugh. Int. J. Agril. Sci., 7(7), 587-590.

Reddy, C.N. Singh, Y. Singh, P.D. (2001). Bioefficacy of insecticides, biopesticides and their combinations against pod borers in pigeon pea. Indian J. Entomol, 63(2), 137-143.

Reed, W., Lateef, S. S. (1990). Pigeon pea: Pest Management. In: The Pigeon pea (Nene YL, Hall SD, Sheila VK, ed). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. pp. 349-374.

Sharma H.C. (2005). Heliothis/Helicoverpa Management: Emerging Trends and Strategies for Future Research. New Delhi, India: Oxford and IBH Publishers. pp. 469.

Shanower, T. G., Romeis, J., & Minja, E. M. (1999). Insect pests of pigeonpea and their management. Annual Review of Entomology, 44(1), 77–96.

Sunil Kumar, Singh, B. and Akhauri, R.K. (2004). Efficacy of some biorational insecticides on larval population of gram podborer on pigeon pea. Legume Research-An International Journal, 27, 62-65.

Sunitha, V., Lakshmi, K.V., & Rao, G.V. (2008). Laboratory evaluation of certain insecticides against pigeonpea pod borer, Maruca vitrata Geyer. Journal of Food Legumes, 21(2), 137-139.

Thakre, S.M., Katole, S.R. and Sarode, S.V. (2003). Management of podborer complex of pigeon pea with botanicals and microbials. Journal of Applied and Zoological Research, 14, 72-75.

Thilagam, P., Kennedy, J. S. (2007). Evaluation of Bacillus thuringiensis (Spic-Bio Reg.) against pod borer complex of pigeon pea. J. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Monitor, 17(3), 275-280.

Tavaragondi V and S. Murali (2014) Different Bt formulations against pod borer complex in pigeon pea ecosystem. Jour Biopest, 7(1), 15-17.

How to Cite
Sandeepa Kanitkar, V. M. Raut, R. K. Patil, Medha Kulkarni, & Meghraj Kadam. (2020). Bio-Efficacy of Caterpilin (Bacillus thuringiensis var-ukrstati) Against Pod Borer (Helicoverpa armigera) Infesting Pigeon Pea. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 7(5), 323-328.

Most read articles by the same author(s)