Field Bio-Efficacy of “Brigade-BL” (Beauveria bassiana) an Entomopathogenic Fungi for the Management of Mealy Bugs on Thompson Seedless Grapes

  • Sandeepa Kanitkar
  • V. M. Raut
  • S. D. Sawant
  • D. S. Yadav
  • Medha Kulkarni
  • Meghraj Kadam Kan Biosys, Pune
Keywords: Brigade-BL, Beauveria bassiana, Thompson Seedless, Mealy Bugs, Phytotoxicity, Compatibility

Abstract

A field bio-efficacy of Brigade-BL (Beauveria bassiana) an entomopathogenic fungi was evaluated against mealy bugs (Meconellicoccus hirsutus) on Thompson Seedless grapes at National Research Centre on Grapes, Manjri, Pune during 2014-15. The experiment was conducted in RBD with five replications on foundation pruning and fruit pruning. Results obtained revealed that application of Brigade-BL @ 5.0 ml/L with two sprayings resulted in reduction of mealy bug colonies upto 67.82% in foundation pruning as compared to control. Likewise, at fruiting pruning, after fifth spray of Brigade-BL @ 5.0 ml/L recorded 75.68% reduction in mealy bug population and increase in fruit yield of  92.44% over control. Similarly, there was no any abnormality and phytotoxic effect observed by spraying Brigade-BL on grapevines. Likewise, Brigade-BL was found compatible with Buprofezin 25 SC chemical insecticide.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aktar, W., Sengupta, D., & Chowdhury, A. (2009). Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: Their benefits and hazards. Interdisciplinary Toxicology, 2(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10102-009-0001-7

Atar M.A. (2011). Efficacy of different antibiotics and botanicals for controlling bacterial blight (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv.punicae) of pomegranate M.Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, MAU, Parbhani.

Badshah, H., Ullah, F., Calatayud, P. A., Ullah, H., & Ahmad, B. (2017). Can toxicants used against cotton mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis be compatible with an encyrtid parasitoid Aenasius bambawalei under laboratory conditions? Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24(6), 5857–5867. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-8293-6

Berlinger, M. J. (1977). The Mediterranean vine mealybug and its natural enemies in southern Israel. Phytoparasitica, 5(1), 3–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03179429

Bertin, S., Pacifico, D., Cavalieri, V., Marzachì, C., & Bosco, D. (2016). Transmission of Grapevine virus A and Grapevine leafroll-associated viruses 1 and 3 by Planococcus ficus and Planococcus citri fed on mixed-infected plants: Transmission of grapevine viruses by Planococcus spp. Annals of Applied Biology, 169(1), 53–63. https://doi.org/10.1111/aab.12279.

Clay, K. (1988). Fungal Endophytes of Grasses: A Defensive Mutualism between Plants and Fungi. Ecology, 69(1), 10–16. https://doi.org/10.2307/1943155

Dara, S.K.; Peck, D., Farms, M.B. (2016) Impact of Entomopathogenic Fungi and Beneficial Microbes on Strawberry Growth, Health, and Yield. Available online: https://ucanredu/blogs/strawberries-vegetables/index .cfgm?start=17 (accessed on 21 November 2018).

Godfrey, K., Ball, J., Gonzalez, D., Reeves, E. 2003. Biology of the vine mealybug in vineyards in the Coachella Valley, California. Southwestern Entomologist 28(3),183-196

Gullan, P. J., & Kosztarab, M. (1997). ADAPTATIONS IN SCALE INSECTS. Annual Review of Entomology, 42(1), 23–50. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.42.1.23.

Hardy N.B., P.J. Gulan and C.J. Hodgson (2008). A classification of mealybugs based on integrated molecular and morphologicaldata. Syst. Entomol 33, 51-71.

Hartley, S. E., & Gange, A. C. (2009). Impacts of Plant Symbiotic Fungi on Insect Herbivores: Mutualism in a Multitrophic Context. Annual Review of Entomology, 54(1), 323–342. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.54.110807.090614.

Jaber, L. R., & Ownley, B. H. (2018). Can we use entomopathogenic fungi as endophytes for dual biological control of insect pests and plant pathogens? Biological Control, 116, 36–45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2017.01.018.

Moloinyane, S., & Nchu, F. (2019). The Effects of Endophytic Beauveria bassiana Inoculation on Infestation Level of Planococcus ficus, Growth and Volatile Constituents of Potted Greenhouse Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). Toxins, 11(2), 72. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins11020072.

Moloinyane, S., & Nchu, F. (2019). The Effects of Endophytic Beauveria bassiana Inoculation on Infestation Level of Planococcus ficus, Growth and Volatile Constituents of Potted Greenhouse Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). Toxins, 11(2), 72. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins11020072.

Karar, H., Sayyed, A. H., Arif, M. J., Ashfaq, M., & Aslam, M. (2010). Integration of cultural and mechanical practices for management of the mango mealybug Drosicha mangiferae. Phytoparasitica, 38(3), 223–229. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-010-0094-8

Fathy, H. (2012). Ecosmart Biorational Insecticides: Alternative Insect Control Strategies. In F. Perveen (Ed.), Insecticides—Advances in Integrated Pest Management. InTech. https://doi.org/10.5772/27852.

Lugtenberg, B. J. J., Caradus, J. R., & Johnson, L. J. (2016). Fungal endophytes for sustainable crop production. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 92(12), fiw194. https://doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiw194.

Mani M and T.S. Thanradarya. (1987). Population dynamics of the mealybug (Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) and its natural enemies in the grapevine ecosystem. J. Biol. Control, 1, 53-97.

Ramzi, M., Kaouthar, G.-L., Pompeo, S., Gaetana, M., & Agatino, R. (2017). Key scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of high economic importance in a Mediterranean area: host plants, bio-ecological characteristics, natural enemies and pest management strategies – a review. Plant Protection Science, 53(No. 1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.17221/53/2016-PPS.

Moloinyane, S., & Nchu, F. (2019). The Effects of Endophytic Beauveria bassiana Inoculation on Infestation Level of Planococcus ficus, Growth and Volatile Constituents of Potted Greenhouse Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). Toxins, 11(2), 72. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins11020072.

Mordue (Luntz), A. J., & Nisbet, A. J. (2000). Azadirachtin from the neem tree Azadirachta indica: Its action against insects. Anais Da Sociedade Entomológica Do Brasil, 29(4), 615–632. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0301-80592000000400001.

Prishanthini, M., & Vinobaba, M. (2014). Efficacy of some selected botanical extracts against the Cotton mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis (Tinsley)(Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4(3), 1-6.

Rajgopal B.K., C.A. Vivakatamath and V.N. Gowda (1997). Incidence of ant associated mealybug Xenococcus annandalei on grapes in South India. Entomon, 22(2), 165-166.

Rondot, Y., & Reineke, A. (2018). Endophytic Beauveria bassiana in grapevine Vitis vinifera (L.) reduces infestation with piercing-sucking insects. Biological Control, 116, 82–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2016.10.006.

Sandhu, S. S., Sharma, A. K., Beniwal, V., Goel, G., Batra, P., Kumar, A., Jaglan, S., Sharma, A. K., & Malhotra, S. (2012). Myco-Biocontrol of Insect Pests: Factors Involved, Mechanism, and Regulation. Journal of Pathogens, 2012, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/126819.

Sasan, R. K., & Bidochka, M. J. (2012). The insect-pathogenic fungus Metarhizium robertsii (Clavicipitaceae) is also an endophyte that stimulates plant root development. American Journal of Botany, 99(1), 101–107. https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.1100136.

Saxena, R.C. (2002). Insecticides from neem in Insecticides of Plant Origin. ACS symposium series 387. American Chemical Society, Washington DC, USA, pp. 110-135.

Schmutterer, H. (1990). Properties and Potential of Natural Pesticides from the Neem Tree, Azadirachta Indica. Annual Review of Entomology, 35(1), 271–297. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.en.35.010190.001415.

Singh A.K. and Manish Kumar (2007). Efficacy and economics of neem based products cotton Jassid, Amrasca biguttula Ishida in okra. Crop Research Hissar, 26, 271-274.

Sola, P., Mvumi, B. M., Ogendo, J. O., Mponda, O., Kamanula, J. F., Nyirenda, S. P., Belmain, S. R., & Stevenson, P. C. (2014). Botanical pesticide production, trade and regulatory mechanisms in sub-Saharan Africa: Making a case for plant-based pesticidal products. Food Security, 6(3), 369–384. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-014-0343-7.

Vega, A., Gutiérrez, R. A., Peña-Neira, A., Cramer, G. R., & Arce-Johnson, P. (2011). Compatible GLRaV-3 viral infections affect berry ripening decreasing sugar accumulation and anthocyanin biosynthesis in Vitis vinifera. Plant Molecular Biology, 77(3), 261–274. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11103-011-9807-8.

Yadav, J. B., Singh, R. S., & Tripathi, R. A. (2008). Evaluation of Bio-pesticides against pest complex of Okra. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 16(1), 58-61.

Published
2020-10-16
How to Cite
Sandeepa Kanitkar, V. M. Raut, S. D. Sawant, D. S. Yadav, Medha Kulkarni, & Meghraj Kadam. (2020). Field Bio-Efficacy of “Brigade-BL” (Beauveria bassiana) an Entomopathogenic Fungi for the Management of Mealy Bugs on Thompson Seedless Grapes. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 7(5), 306-314. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijrasb.7.5.40

Most read articles by the same author(s)