Presence of Two Lice Species (Insecta: Phthiraptera) in a Goat (Capra hircus) from La Comarca Lagunera, Mexico: A Case Report

  • Vicente Homero González-Álvarez Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia No.2 - Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero
Keywords: Bovicola caprae, Goats, Lice, Linognathus africanus, Mexico

Abstract

Phthirapteriasis or pediculosis is the name given to the lice infestation, that causes skin allergy, anemia, and transmission of pathogens. This case report describes the presence of two lice species in a goat from la Comarca Lagunera in Coahuila. The collected specimens were identified as Bovicola caprae and Linognathus africanus. This document represents the first report of these lice species parasiting goats in the southeasthern part of Coahuila, Mexico. Further research are required including a greater number of animals and farms in order to stablish the prevalence of these ectoparasites, establish control measures, as well as to determine its role in the posible transmission of diseases of public and veterinary health concern. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adang, K.L., Ayuba, J., & Yoriyo, K.P. (2015). Ectoparasites of sheep (Ovis aries L.) and goats (Capra hircus L.) in Gombe, Gombe state, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 18(5): 224-231. https://doi:10.3923/pjbs.2015.224.231

Ajith, Y., Dimri, U., Singh, S.K., Gopalakrishnan, A., Devi, G., Verma, M.R., Joshi, V., & Alam, S. (2017). Lice induced immuno-oxidative wreckage of goats. Veterinary Parasitology, 242: 24-30. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2017.05.019

Amare, S., Asfaw, Y., & Tolossa, Y.H. (2013). Ectoparasites of sheep and goats in North-West Amhara regional State, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Veterinary Journal, 17(1): 55-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/evj.v17i1.5

Ballweber, L.R. (2001). Veterinary parasitology. Butterworth-Heinemann: Wouburn MA.

Bates, P., Rankin, M., Cooley, W., & Grooves, B. (2001). Observations on the biology and control of the chewing louse (Bovicola limbata) of Angora goats in Great Britain. Veterinary Record, 149(22):675-676. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.149.22.675

Benelli, G., Caselli, A., Di Giuseppe, G., & Canale, A. (2018). Control of biting lice, Mallophaga - a review. Acta Tropica, 177: 211-219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2017.05.031

Brown, L., Van der Linde, T.C. de K., Fourie, L.J., & Horak, I.G. (2005). Seasonal occurrence and production effects of the biting louse Damalinia limbata on Angora goats and 2 treatment options. Journal of the South African Veterinay Association, 76(2): 74-78. https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v76i2.401

Corke, M., & Matthews, J. (2018). Diagnosing and treating skin diseases in goats: an update. In Practice, 40: 149-156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/inp.k1595

Dos Santos, S.B., Cançado, P.H., Piranda, E.M., & Faccini, J.L. (2006). Infestações por Linognathus africanus (Kellogg e Paine, 1911) (Linognathidae) e Bovicola caprae (Ewing, 1936) (Trichodectidae) em rebanho caprino no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, 15(1):41-3. https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=397841457009

Foreyt, W.J. (2001). Veterinary parasitology – Reference manual. 5th Ed. Blackwell Publishing. Ames IA.

Gabaj, M.M., Beesley, W.M., & Awan, M.A. (1993). Lice of farm animals in Libya. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 7(2):138-140. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2915.1993.tb00666.x

HFAC-Humane Farm Animal Care - Animal Care Standards. (2013). Dairy, Fiber and Meat Goats. https://certifiedhumane.org/wp-content/uploads/Std13.Goat_.2A-3.pdf

Hopla, C.E., Durden, L.A., & Keirans, J.E. (1994). Ectoparasites and classification. Scientific and Technical Review of the Office International des Epizooties (Paris), 13(4) 985-1017. http://dx.doi.org/10.20506/rst.13.4.815

Iqbal, A., Siddique, F., Muhammad, S., Mahmood, A., Shamim, A., Zaffar, T., Rashid, I., Saleem, I., & Ahmad, W. (2014). Prevalence and impacts of ectoparasitic fauna infesting goats (Capra hircus) of district Toba Tek Singh, Punjab, Pakistan. Global Veterinaria, 12(2):158-164. https://www.idosi.org/gv/gv12(2)14/2.pdf

Iqbal, R.M., Mir, A.Q., Waseem, R., Beigh, S.A., Hussain, S.A., Nabi, S.U., & Malik, H.U. (2018). Effect of lice infestation on hematological parameters in goats. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 6(1): 172-174. http://www.entomoljournal.com/archives/2018/vol6issue1/PartC/5-6-461-485.pdf

Kumar, A., Rawat, B.S., Saxena, A.K., & Agarwal, G.P. (1994). Prevalence of parasites on goats in Dehradun (India). Applied Parasitology, 35(3):227-236.

Kumsa, B., Socolovschi, C., Parola, P., Rolain, J-M., & Raoult, D. (2012). Molecular detection of Acinetobacter species in lice and leds of domestic animals in Oromia regional state, Ethiopia. PLoS ONE, 7(12): e52377. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052377

LFSA-Ley Federal de Sanidad Animal. (2018). Diario Oficial de la Federación DOF 16-02-2018, México, D.F. http://www.diputados.gob.mx/LeyesBiblio/pdf/LFSA_160218.pdf

Lozoya-Saldaña, A., Quiñones-Luna, S., Aguirre-Uribe, L.A., & Guerrero-Rodríguez, E. (1986). Distribución y abundancia de los piojos malofagos y anopluros del ganado ovino y caprino en la región de Saltillo, Coahuila, México. Folia Entomológica Mexicana, 69:117-125. https://docplayer.es/73525037-Distribucion-y-abundancia-de-los-piojos-malofagos-y-anopluros-del-ganado-ovino-y-caprino-en-la-region-de-sal-tillo-coahuila-mexico-1.html

Mellado, M. (2008). Técnicas para el manejo reproductivo de las cabras en agostadero. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems, 9(1):47-63. https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/939/93911227005.pdf

Obi, Z.C., Anyaegbunam, L., & Orji, M.K.N. (2014). Ectoparasitosis, a challenge in sheep and goat production in ULI, Anambra state, Nigeria. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies, 1(5): 27-29. http://www.thepharmajournal.com/vol1Issue5/Issue_sep_2014/24.1.pdf

Ofukwu, R.A., Ogbaje, C.I., & Akwuobu, C.A. (2008). Preliminary study of the epidemiology of ectoparasite infestation of goats and sheep in Makurdi, north central Nigeria. Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 7(2): 22-26. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/sokjvs/article/view/72746

Portugaliza, H.P., & Bagot, M.A. (2015). Different species of lice (Phthiraptera), fleas (Siphonaptera) and ticks (Ixodida) collected from livestock, poultry, reptile and companion animal in Leyte Island, Philippines. Livestock Research Rural Development, 27(8):151. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd27/8/port27151.html

Price, M.A., & Graham, O.H. (1997). Chewing and sucking lice as parasites of mammals and birds. USDA Technical bulletin 1849: Washington, DC.

Puvarajan, B. (2017). Studies on efficacy of anthelmentic in treatment of sucking lice and tick infestation in organised farm of tellicherry goats. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(6): 327-330. http://www.entomoljournal.com/archives/2017/vol5issue6/PartE/5-5-16-564.pdf

Rashmi, A., & Saxena, A.K. (2017). Population levels of phthirapteran ectoparasites on the goats in Rampur (U.P.). Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 41(3): 778-781. https://doi:10.1007/s12639-017-0888-4

Salinas-González, H., Maldonado, J.A., Torres-Hernández, G., Triana-Gutiérrez, M., Isidro-Requejo, L.M., & Meda-Alducin, P. (2015). Compositional quality of local goat milk in the Comarca Lagunera of Mexico. Revista Chapingo, XIV(2):175-184. https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=455544908001

Sánchez-Montes, S., Colunga-Salas, P., Álvarez-Castillo, L., Guzmán-Cornejo, C., & Montiel-Parra, G. (2018). Chewing lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) associated with vertebrates in Mexico. Zootaxa, 4372(1): 1-109. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4372.1.1

Santana, A.F., Cruz, G.A.M., Souza, E.C.A., Lima, M.C., Mendes, I.A., & Silva, A. (2009). Identificação de piolhos em caprinos no semi-árido da Bahia. PUBVET Londrina, 3(8). http://www.pubvet.com.br/material/Cruz521.pdf

Sebei, P.J., Mccrindle, C.M., & Turner, E.D. (2004). Use of scanning electron microscopy to confirm the identity of lice infesting communally grazed goat herds. Onderstepoort Journal Veterinary Research, 71(2):87-92. https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v71i2.269

Tongjura, J.D.C., Amuga, G.A., Ombugadu, R.J., Azamu, Y., & Mafuiya, H.B. (2012). Ectoparasites infesting livestock in three local government areas (LGAs) of Nasarawa State Nigeria. Science World Journal, 7(1) 15-17. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/swj/article/view/82254

Uslu, U., Balevi, T., Uçan, U.S., Ceylan, O., & Uslu, A. (2017). Effect of parenteral administration of vitamin B to goats on performance, lice (Phthiraptera) infestations and cellular immunity. Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi, 23(5): 715-720. https://doi:10.9775/kvfd.2017.17592

Zeryehun, T., & Atomsa, M. (2012). Ectoparasite infestations of sheep and goats. Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 28(4): 185-189. http://eurasianjvetsci.org/pdf/pdf_EJVS_967.pdf

Published
2020-09-19
How to Cite
González-Álvarez, V. H. (2020). Presence of Two Lice Species (Insecta: Phthiraptera) in a Goat (Capra hircus) from La Comarca Lagunera, Mexico: A Case Report. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 7(5), 152-155. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijrasb.7.5.22