Study of Various Ecological Aspects on Digenetic Trematode Parasites in Important Food Fish Rita rita (Ham.) from Lucknow (India)
Fish fauna is an important component of fresh water ecosystem and considered as gold of water due to their high nutritional and economical value. However, high water pollution and disruption in water ecosystem causes parasite infections in fishes. Fishes bear heaviest burden of helminth parasites because these parasites use the fish for their shelter and food. Digeneans trematodes are important group of parasites which complete their life cycles in vertebrate and invertebrate host. Since, fishes are the important constituent of human food, these parasites readily passed to the human and causes various diseases. Therefore, it is very important to study the impact of various seasonal variations such as temperature, relative humidity and time-period on prevalence, mean intensity and relative density of trematode parasites infection in fishes. In this paper, we have systematically studied all these seasonal variations on the trematode parasites infection in common food fish Rita rita (Ham.) from January, 2009 to December, 2009 in Lucknow region of Uttar Pradesh. Our results suggest that the highest prevalence, mean intensity and relative density of trematode parasites infection occurred in summer season followed by rainy and winter season.
Snieszko, S. F. (1983). Diseases of fishes: Research and Control. Fisheries, 8, 20-22.
Kabata, Z. (1985). Parasites and diseases of fish cultured in the tropics. Taylor & Francis Ltd., London. pp. 318
Lilley, J. H., Philips, M. J. and Tongutai, K. (1992). A review of epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) in Asia. Publ. Aquatic Animal Health Research Institute and Network of Aquaculture Center in Asia-Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand., 73.
Bhalerao, G. D. (1936). Studies on the Helminths of India. Trematoda I. Journal of Helminthology, 14(3), 163–180. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X00003679
Bhalerao, G. D. (1937). Studies on the Helminths of India. Trematoda IV. Journal of Helminthology, 15(2), 97–124. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X00030753
Rai, S. L. (1964). Observations on the life-history of Phyllodistomum srivastavai sp.nov. (Trematoda: Gorgoderidae). Parasitology, 54(1), 43–51. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0031182000074308
White, I. C. (1972). On the ecology of an adult digenetic, trematode Protoecessubtenuis from a lamellibranch hosts Scrobicularia Plana. J. Marine Biol. Assoc. U.K., 52, 457-467.
Chappell, L. H. (1980). Physiology of parasites. Blackie, Glasgow London. pp. 101.
Rahman, M. R., Prvez, M. A., Jahan, M. S. and Sarker, M. M. (1998a). Histopathology of Bellamya bengalensis (Lamarck) by larval helminth. Univ. J. Zool. Rajshahi Univ., 17, 19 – 27.
Rahman, M. R., Parween, S. and Ara, H. (1998b). A brief report on two helminth endoparasites from Mastacembelus armatus (Lacepede). Univ. J. Zool. Rajshahi Univ. 17: 75 –77.
Margolis, L., Esch, G. W., Holmes, J. C., Kuris, A. M., & Schad, G. A. (1982). The Use of Ecological Terms in Parasitology (Report of an Ad Hoc Committee of the American Society of Parasitologists). The Journal of Parasitology, 68(1), 131. https://doi.org/10.2307/3281335
Yadav, S., Chandra, S., & Saxena, A. (2012). An ecological study on digenetic trematode parasite of channa punctatus of lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow journal of Science. 7(2), 1-8.
Roberts, R.J. (1989). Fish Pathology. Baillier and Tindall, London.
Polyanski, Yu. I. (1961). Zoogeography of parasites of the USSSR marine fishes. In: Parasitology of Fishes (English translation) (Eds. Dogiel, V.A. Petrushevskii, G.K & Polyanski, Yu I.) Edinburgh and London: Oliver and Boyd, 230–246.
Halvorsen, O. (1995). Ecology of marine parasites: An introduction to marine parasitology 2nd edn. Parasitology Today, 11(1), 43. https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-4758(95)80110-3
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.