Effect of Application of POME and Recommended Fertilizer on Immature Oil Palm Intercropping with Pineapple, Low Country Wet Zone (WL2a) in Sri Lanka
Oil palm plantations in Sri Lanka have spread over 10,000 hectares’ in the wet zone of the Island In immature plantations, land productivity can be increased with some selected intercrops. Pineapple is one of the high demanded fruit crop and is a suitable candidate for intercrop. Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is a problematic waste to manage by mill operators which is generated during processing of fresh fruit bunch (FFB). The objectives of the study were to evaluate the efficiency of POME, effective land utilization, ground cover efficiency of intercrop and improvement of soil physicochemical properties. A field trial conducted at Thalgaswela estate (WL2a) in Galle district, Sri Lanka from 2019 June to 2020 June. Experiment was designed with Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with seven treatments and three replicates. Fertilizers were applied to the pineapple plots according to the department of Agriculture (DOA) recommendations. Growth parameters were taken at monthly intervals and chlorophyll content were measured. Soil physical parameters were measured at the beginning and at the end of the experiment. Results were statistically analyzed with Minitab software. According to the experimental data, oil palm with cover crop and pineapple along with recommended fertilizer were shown effective land utilization, higher number of leaves per plant, highest leaf length, highest spade meter chlorophyll content, soil has highest moisture content. Treatment seven (T7) shows significantly higher number of fruit forming during the research period. To come to a firm recommendation on POME as an organic amendment and performance of pineapple yield, research should be continued for at least more than two yield cycles.
Agamuthu, P., & plants, W. treatment. (1995). Palm Oil Mill Effluent—Treatment and Utilization. Narosha Publishing House. pp. 338-360. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=3yjCnQAACAAJ
Bartholomew, D. P., Paull, R. E., & Rohrbach, K. G. (Eds.). (2003). The pineapple: Botany, production and uses (3rd ed.). CABI. https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851995038.0000
Bandara, J. S. (2018). Sri Lanka: support for planning and policy formulation, phase 1. Technical assistance consultant’s report. National Planning Department of The Ministry of Finance of Sri Lanka, For National accounts division of the Department of Census and Statistics of Sri Lanka, Project Number 44308-012, Asian Development Bank.
Coppens D'Eeckenbrugge, G., 2003. Morphology, anatomy and taxonomy. The pineapple: botany, production, and uses, pp.13-32.
De Souza, R. J., Mente, A., Maroleanu, A., Cozma, A. I., Ha, V., Kishibe, T., Uleryk, E., Budylowski, P., Schünemann, H., Beyene, J., & Anand, S. S. (2015). Intake of saturated and trans unsaturated fatty acids and risk of all cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. BMJ, 351. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h3978
Dissanayake, S. M., Palihakkara, I.R., A review article on Cost benefit analysis of intercropping immature oil palm with Banana, Ginger and Turmeric in Galle District (WL2a), Sri Lanka.
Hepton, A. and Bartholomew, D.P., 2003. Cultural system. The pineapple: botany, production and uses, pp.109-142.
Li, X. H., Song, X. N., & Leng, P. (2011). A quantitative method for grassland LAI inversion based on CHIRS/PROBA data. Remote Sensing for Land & Resources, 3, 60-66.
Mazaheri, A., & Jensen, O. (2006). Posterior activity is not phase-reset by visual stimuli. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103(8), 2948–2952. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0505785103
Obiefuna, J. C., Majumder, P. K., & Ucheagwu, A. C. (1987). Fertilizer rates for increased pineapple production in the tropical ferrallitic soils of South Western Nigeria. Fertilizer Research, 12(2), 99–105. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01048911
Francis Ofori and W.R. Stern. (1987). Cereal–Legume Intercropping Systems. Advances in Agronomy, 41, 41-90.
Rupani, P.F., Singh, R.P., Ibrahim, M.H. and Esa, N., 2010. Review of current palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment methods: vermin composting as a sustainable practice. World Applied Sciences Journal, 11(1), 70-81.
Subin, Z. M., Koven, C. D., Riley, W. J., Torn, M. S., Lawrence, D. M., & Swenson, S. C. (2013). Effects of Soil Moisture on the Responses of Soil Temperatures to Climate Change in Cold Regions*. Journal of Climate, 26(10), 3139–3158. https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00305.1
Suresh, K., Reddy, V. M., Sarma, K. N., Bhanusri, A., & Sivasankara Kumar, K. M. (2003). Quantification of root biomass in oil palm grown under basin irrigation. International Journal of Oil Palm, 2(3), 39-41.
Suresh, K. and Rethinam, P., 2001. Determination of canopy size in oil palm plantations-a survey. International Journal of Oil Palm Research, 2(2).
Trenbath, B. R. (2015). Plant Interactions in Mixed Crop Communities. In R. I. Papendick, P. A. Sanchez, & G. B. Triplett (Eds.), ASA Special Publications (pp. 129–169). American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America. https://doi.org/10.2134/asaspecpub27.c8
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.